Образование есть то, что остается после того, когда забывается все, чему нас учили.

А. Эйнштейн

Вариант 7

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The manager started the session by saying, “I’m sorry I (A1) … late. Thank you for attending this meeting. Now, (A2) … any problems?” Janice said, “I have a complaint. The coffee machine (A3) … properly.” Frank said, “And there isn’t enough fresh air in the office.” Anne said, “Keith (A4) … that problem. He keeps closing the windows.” “That’s not true,” said Keith. “Yes, it is,” said Anne. The manager (A5) … them. “Don’t act like children,” he said. “That’s an unfair comment,” they said, “we (A6) … like children.” Eventually, they (A7) … calmly about the problems.

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The manager started the session by saying, “I’m sorry I (A1) … late. Thank you for attending this meeting. Now, (A2) … any problems?” Janice said, “I have a complaint. The coffee machine (A3) … properly.” Frank said, “And there isn’t enough fresh air in the office.” Anne said, “Keith (A4) … that problem. He keeps closing the windows.” “That’s not true,” said Keith. “Yes, it is,” said Anne. The manager (A5) … them. “Don’t act like children,” he said. “That’s an unfair comment,” they said, “we (A6) … like children.” Eventually, they (A7) … calmly about the problems.

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The manager started the session by saying, “I’m sorry I (A1) … late. Thank you for attending this meeting. Now, (A2) … any problems?” Janice said, “I have a complaint. The coffee machine (A3) … properly.” Frank said, “And there isn’t enough fresh air in the office.” Anne said, “Keith (A4) … that problem. He keeps closing the windows.” “That’s not true,” said Keith. “Yes, it is,” said Anne. The manager (A5) … them. “Don’t act like children,” he said. “That’s an unfair comment,” they said, “we (A6) … like children.” Eventually, they (A7) … calmly about the problems.

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The manager started the session by saying, “I’m sorry I (A1) … late. Thank you for attending this meeting. Now, (A2) … any problems?” Janice said, “I have a complaint. The coffee machine (A3) … properly.” Frank said, “And there isn’t enough fresh air in the office.” Anne said, “Keith (A4) … that problem. He keeps closing the windows.” “That’s not true,” said Keith. “Yes, it is,” said Anne. The manager (A5) … them. “Don’t act like children,” he said. “That’s an unfair comment,” they said, “we (A6) … like children.” Eventually, they (A7) … calmly about the problems.

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The manager started the session by saying, “I’m sorry I (A1) … late. Thank you for attending this meeting. Now, (A2) … any problems?” Janice said, “I have a complaint. The coffee machine (A3) … properly.” Frank said, “And there isn’t enough fresh air in the office.” Anne said, “Keith (A4) … that problem. He keeps closing the windows.” “That’s not true,” said Keith. “Yes, it is,” said Anne. The manager (A5) … them. “Don’t act like children,” he said. “That’s an unfair comment,” they said, “we (A6) … like children.” Eventually, they (A7) … calmly about the problems.

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The manager started the session by saying, “I’m sorry I (A1) … late. Thank you for attending this meeting. Now, (A2) … any problems?” Janice said, “I have a complaint. The coffee machine (A3) … properly.” Frank said, “And there isn’t enough fresh air in the office.” Anne said, “Keith (A4) … that problem. He keeps closing the windows.” “That’s not true,” said Keith. “Yes, it is,” said Anne. The manager (A5) … them. “Don’t act like children,” he said. “That’s an unfair comment,” they said, “we (A6) … like children.” Eventually, they (A7) … calmly about the problems.

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The manager started the session by saying, “I’m sorry I (A1) … late. Thank you for attending this meeting. Now, (A2) … any problems?” Janice said, “I have a complaint. The coffee machine (A3) … properly.” Frank said, “And there isn’t enough fresh air in the office.” Anne said, “Keith (A4) … that problem. He keeps closing the windows.” “That’s not true,” said Keith. “Yes, it is,” said Anne. The manager (A5) … them. “Don’t act like children,” he said. “That’s an unfair comment,” they said, “we (A6) … like children.” Eventually, they (A7) … calmly about the problems.

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Every year a spectacular festival takes place in the town of Surin in Thailand. People arrive (A8) … all corners of the country, and far beyond to celebrate the magnificent Asian elephant. In former times, the King rode an elephant into (A9) … battle, and the sight of the beast must have struck fear into the hearts of the enemy. The fact that Thailand has never been defeated by another country is thanks in part to the elephant. The Surin Elephant festival is held as a tribute to these precious animals, and it has grown (A10) … popularity over the years. It starts with three hundred elephants marching through Surin. Once they arrive, the feasting begins. The elephants quickly consume the fruit set (A11) … before them. Over the next two days, these great creatures gather at the Elephant Stadium to entertain onlookers (A12) … performing (A13) … feats of strength and intelligence. To round off the event, the elephants are dressed (A14) … full war costume for (A15) … splendid war-elephant parade.

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Every year a spectacular festival takes place in the town of Surin in Thailand. People arrive (A8) … all corners of the country, and far beyond to celebrate the magnificent Asian elephant. In former times, the King rode an elephant into (A9) … battle, and the sight of the beast must have struck fear into the hearts of the enemy. The fact that Thailand has never been defeated by another country is thanks in part to the elephant. The Surin Elephant festival is held as a tribute to these precious animals, and it has grown (A10) … popularity over the years. It starts with three hundred elephants marching through Surin. Once they arrive, the feasting begins. The elephants quickly consume the fruit set (A11) … before them. Over the next two days, these great creatures gather at the Elephant Stadium to entertain onlookers (A12) … performing (A13) … feats of strength and intelligence. To round off the event, the elephants are dressed (A14) … full war costume for (A15) … splendid war-elephant parade.

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Every year a spectacular festival takes place in the town of Surin in Thailand. People arrive (A8) … all corners of the country, and far beyond to celebrate the magnificent Asian elephant. In former times, the King rode an elephant into (A9) … battle, and the sight of the beast must have struck fear into the hearts of the enemy. The fact that Thailand has never been defeated by another country is thanks in part to the elephant. The Surin Elephant festival is held as a tribute to these precious animals, and it has grown (A10) … popularity over the years. It starts with three hundred elephants marching through Surin. Once they arrive, the feasting begins. The elephants quickly consume the fruit set (A11) … before them. Over the next two days, these great creatures gather at the Elephant Stadium to entertain onlookers (A12) … performing (A13) … feats of strength and intelligence. To round off the event, the elephants are dressed (A14) … full war costume for (A15) … splendid war-elephant parade.

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Every year a spectacular festival takes place in the town of Surin in Thailand. People arrive (A8) … all corners of the country, and far beyond to celebrate the magnificent Asian elephant. In former times, the King rode an elephant into (A9) … battle, and the sight of the beast must have struck fear into the hearts of the enemy. The fact that Thailand has never been defeated by another country is thanks in part to the elephant. The Surin Elephant festival is held as a tribute to these precious animals, and it has grown (A10) … popularity over the years. It starts with three hundred elephants marching through Surin. Once they arrive, the feasting begins. The elephants quickly consume the fruit set (A11) … before them. Over the next two days, these great creatures gather at the Elephant Stadium to entertain onlookers (A12) … performing (A13) … feats of strength and intelligence. To round off the event, the elephants are dressed (A14) … full war costume for (A15) … splendid war-elephant parade.

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Every year a spectacular festival takes place in the town of Surin in Thailand. People arrive (A8) … all corners of the country, and far beyond to celebrate the magnificent Asian elephant. In former times, the King rode an elephant into (A9) … battle, and the sight of the beast must have struck fear into the hearts of the enemy. The fact that Thailand has never been defeated by another country is thanks in part to the elephant. The Surin Elephant festival is held as a tribute to these precious animals, and it has grown (A10) … popularity over the years. It starts with three hundred elephants marching through Surin. Once they arrive, the feasting begins. The elephants quickly consume the fruit set (A11) … before them. Over the next two days, these great creatures gather at the Elephant Stadium to entertain onlookers (A12) … performing (A13) … feats of strength and intelligence. To round off the event, the elephants are dressed (A14) … full war costume for (A15) … splendid war-elephant parade.

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Every year a spectacular festival takes place in the town of Surin in Thailand. People arrive (A8) … all corners of the country, and far beyond to celebrate the magnificent Asian elephant. In former times, the King rode an elephant into (A9) … battle, and the sight of the beast must have struck fear into the hearts of the enemy. The fact that Thailand has never been defeated by another country is thanks in part to the elephant. The Surin Elephant festival is held as a tribute to these precious animals, and it has grown (A10) … popularity over the years. It starts with three hundred elephants marching through Surin. Once they arrive, the feasting begins. The elephants quickly consume the fruit set (A11) … before them. Over the next two days, these great creatures gather at the Elephant Stadium to entertain onlookers (A12) … performing (A13) … feats of strength and intelligence. To round off the event, the elephants are dressed (A14) … full war costume for (A15) … splendid war-elephant parade.

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Every year a spectacular festival takes place in the town of Surin in Thailand. People arrive (A8) … all corners of the country, and far beyond to celebrate the magnificent Asian elephant. In former times, the King rode an elephant into (A9) … battle, and the sight of the beast must have struck fear into the hearts of the enemy. The fact that Thailand has never been defeated by another country is thanks in part to the elephant. The Surin Elephant festival is held as a tribute to these precious animals, and it has grown (A10) … popularity over the years. It starts with three hundred elephants marching through Surin. Once they arrive, the feasting begins. The elephants quickly consume the fruit set (A11) … before them. Over the next two days, these great creatures gather at the Elephant Stadium to entertain onlookers (A12) … performing (A13) … feats of strength and intelligence. To round off the event, the elephants are dressed (A14) … full war costume for (A15) … splendid war-elephant parade.

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Every year a spectacular festival takes place in the town of Surin in Thailand. People arrive (A8) … all corners of the country, and far beyond to celebrate the magnificent Asian elephant. In former times, the King rode an elephant into (A9) … battle, and the sight of the beast must have struck fear into the hearts of the enemy. The fact that Thailand has never been defeated by another country is thanks in part to the elephant. The Surin Elephant festival is held as a tribute to these precious animals, and it has grown (A10) … popularity over the years. It starts with three hundred elephants marching through Surin. Once they arrive, the feasting begins. The elephants quickly consume the fruit set (A11) … before them. Over the next two days, these great creatures gather at the Elephant Stadium to entertain onlookers (A12) … performing (A13) … feats of strength and intelligence. To round off the event, the elephants are dressed (A14) … full war costume for (A15) … splendid war-elephant parade.

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She was a beautiful woman … .

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I hurried home … I didn’t miss my favourite TV programme.

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Neither of the two alternatives (1) that were outlined (2) at the last meeting were acceptable (3) to the executing committee (4).

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To making promises (1) you do not intend (2) to keep (3) is dishonest (4).

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The train goes (1) direct to Edinburgh (2) without stopping (3) so it will probably be full (4).

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The explorer escaped from the lion (1) only find (2) himself (3) surrounded by savages (4).

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I think it’s time (1) for the series (2) to go (3) to an end (4).

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Marco Polo is probably the most (A23) … traveller-explorer of the Far East. He was born in 1254 and was the son of an Italian merchant living in Venice, an important trade centre at that time. Marco was well-educated and also very curious, (A24) … particular interest in different cultures. His father had already travelled to the Far East (A25) … times, and in 1271, when the boy was seventeen, he decided to take Marco with him on his journey to China along the Silk Road, a series of trade routes through Asia. They (A26) … out from Venice, travelled through Armenia, Persia, and Afghanistan, and along the Silk Road. After travelling for (A27) … three years, they finally arrived at their (A28) …; the summer residence of the emperor Kublai Khan at Shang-tu, close to modern-day Beijing. Marco Polo (A29) … in love with the city and became close to Kublai Khan, advising him on many (A30) … . Marco Polo left a (A31) … account of his journey to China and his stay there. (A32) … the fact that he was not really a historian, he also wrote a long history of the Mongol people. Not everyone agrees that Marco Polo’s stories are real. However, fiction or not, they have captivated readers throughout the centuries.

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Marco Polo is probably the most (A23) … traveller-explorer of the Far East. He was born in 1254 and was the son of an Italian merchant living in Venice, an important trade centre at that time. Marco was well-educated and also very curious, (A24) … particular interest in different cultures. His father had already travelled to the Far East (A25) … times, and in 1271, when the boy was seventeen, he decided to take Marco with him on his journey to China along the Silk Road, a series of trade routes through Asia. They (A26) … out from Venice, travelled through Armenia, Persia, and Afghanistan, and along the Silk Road. After travelling for (A27) … three years, they finally arrived at their (A28) …; the summer residence of the emperor Kublai Khan at Shang-tu, close to modern-day Beijing. Marco Polo (A29) … in love with the city and became close to Kublai Khan, advising him on many (A30) … . Marco Polo left a (A31) … account of his journey to China and his stay there. (A32) … the fact that he was not really a historian, he also wrote a long history of the Mongol people. Not everyone agrees that Marco Polo’s stories are real. However, fiction or not, they have captivated readers throughout the centuries.

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Marco Polo is probably the most (A23) … traveller-explorer of the Far East. He was born in 1254 and was the son of an Italian merchant living in Venice, an important trade centre at that time. Marco was well-educated and also very curious, (A24) … particular interest in different cultures. His father had already travelled to the Far East (A25) … times, and in 1271, when the boy was seventeen, he decided to take Marco with him on his journey to China along the Silk Road, a series of trade routes through Asia. They (A26) … out from Venice, travelled through Armenia, Persia, and Afghanistan, and along the Silk Road. After travelling for (A27) … three years, they finally arrived at their (A28) …; the summer residence of the emperor Kublai Khan at Shang-tu, close to modern-day Beijing. Marco Polo (A29) … in love with the city and became close to Kublai Khan, advising him on many (A30) … . Marco Polo left a (A31) … account of his journey to China and his stay there. (A32) … the fact that he was not really a historian, he also wrote a long history of the Mongol people. Not everyone agrees that Marco Polo’s stories are real. However, fiction or not, they have captivated readers throughout the centuries.

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Marco Polo is probably the most (A23) … traveller-explorer of the Far East. He was born in 1254 and was the son of an Italian merchant living in Venice, an important trade centre at that time. Marco was well-educated and also very curious, (A24) … particular interest in different cultures. His father had already travelled to the Far East (A25) … times, and in 1271, when the boy was seventeen, he decided to take Marco with him on his journey to China along the Silk Road, a series of trade routes through Asia. They (A26) … out from Venice, travelled through Armenia, Persia, and Afghanistan, and along the Silk Road. After travelling for (A27) … three years, they finally arrived at their (A28) …; the summer residence of the emperor Kublai Khan at Shang-tu, close to modern-day Beijing. Marco Polo (A29) … in love with the city and became close to Kublai Khan, advising him on many (A30) … . Marco Polo left a (A31) … account of his journey to China and his stay there. (A32) … the fact that he was not really a historian, he also wrote a long history of the Mongol people. Not everyone agrees that Marco Polo’s stories are real. However, fiction or not, they have captivated readers throughout the centuries.

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Marco Polo is probably the most (A23) … traveller-explorer of the Far East. He was born in 1254 and was the son of an Italian merchant living in Venice, an important trade centre at that time. Marco was well-educated and also very curious, (A24) … particular interest in different cultures. His father had already travelled to the Far East (A25) … times, and in 1271, when the boy was seventeen, he decided to take Marco with him on his journey to China along the Silk Road, a series of trade routes through Asia. They (A26) … out from Venice, travelled through Armenia, Persia, and Afghanistan, and along the Silk Road. After travelling for (A27) … three years, they finally arrived at their (A28) …; the summer residence of the emperor Kublai Khan at Shang-tu, close to modern-day Beijing. Marco Polo (A29) … in love with the city and became close to Kublai Khan, advising him on many (A30) … . Marco Polo left a (A31) … account of his journey to China and his stay there. (A32) … the fact that he was not really a historian, he also wrote a long history of the Mongol people. Not everyone agrees that Marco Polo’s stories are real. However, fiction or not, they have captivated readers throughout the centuries.

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Marco Polo is probably the most (A23) … traveller-explorer of the Far East. He was born in 1254 and was the son of an Italian merchant living in Venice, an important trade centre at that time. Marco was well-educated and also very curious, (A24) … particular interest in different cultures. His father had already travelled to the Far East (A25) … times, and in 1271, when the boy was seventeen, he decided to take Marco with him on his journey to China along the Silk Road, a series of trade routes through Asia. They (A26) … out from Venice, travelled through Armenia, Persia, and Afghanistan, and along the Silk Road. After travelling for (A27) … three years, they finally arrived at their (A28) …; the summer residence of the emperor Kublai Khan at Shang-tu, close to modern-day Beijing. Marco Polo (A29) … in love with the city and became close to Kublai Khan, advising him on many (A30) … . Marco Polo left a (A31) … account of his journey to China and his stay there. (A32) … the fact that he was not really a historian, he also wrote a long history of the Mongol people. Not everyone agrees that Marco Polo’s stories are real. However, fiction or not, they have captivated readers throughout the centuries.

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Marco Polo is probably the most (A23) … traveller-explorer of the Far East. He was born in 1254 and was the son of an Italian merchant living in Venice, an important trade centre at that time. Marco was well-educated and also very curious, (A24) … particular interest in different cultures. His father had already travelled to the Far East (A25) … times, and in 1271, when the boy was seventeen, he decided to take Marco with him on his journey to China along the Silk Road, a series of trade routes through Asia. They (A26) … out from Venice, travelled through Armenia, Persia, and Afghanistan, and along the Silk Road. After travelling for (A27) … three years, they finally arrived at their (A28) …; the summer residence of the emperor Kublai Khan at Shang-tu, close to modern-day Beijing. Marco Polo (A29) … in love with the city and became close to Kublai Khan, advising him on many (A30) … . Marco Polo left a (A31) … account of his journey to China and his stay there. (A32) … the fact that he was not really a historian, he also wrote a long history of the Mongol people. Not everyone agrees that Marco Polo’s stories are real. However, fiction or not, they have captivated readers throughout the centuries.

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Marco Polo is probably the most (A23) … traveller-explorer of the Far East. He was born in 1254 and was the son of an Italian merchant living in Venice, an important trade centre at that time. Marco was well-educated and also very curious, (A24) … particular interest in different cultures. His father had already travelled to the Far East (A25) … times, and in 1271, when the boy was seventeen, he decided to take Marco with him on his journey to China along the Silk Road, a series of trade routes through Asia. They (A26) … out from Venice, travelled through Armenia, Persia, and Afghanistan, and along the Silk Road. After travelling for (A27) … three years, they finally arrived at their (A28) …; the summer residence of the emperor Kublai Khan at Shang-tu, close to modern-day Beijing. Marco Polo (A29) … in love with the city and became close to Kublai Khan, advising him on many (A30) … . Marco Polo left a (A31) … account of his journey to China and his stay there. (A32) … the fact that he was not really a historian, he also wrote a long history of the Mongol people. Not everyone agrees that Marco Polo’s stories are real. However, fiction or not, they have captivated readers throughout the centuries.

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Marco Polo is probably the most (A23) … traveller-explorer of the Far East. He was born in 1254 and was the son of an Italian merchant living in Venice, an important trade centre at that time. Marco was well-educated and also very curious, (A24) … particular interest in different cultures. His father had already travelled to the Far East (A25) … times, and in 1271, when the boy was seventeen, he decided to take Marco with him on his journey to China along the Silk Road, a series of trade routes through Asia. They (A26) … out from Venice, travelled through Armenia, Persia, and Afghanistan, and along the Silk Road. After travelling for (A27) … three years, they finally arrived at their (A28) …; the summer residence of the emperor Kublai Khan at Shang-tu, close to modern-day Beijing. Marco Polo (A29) … in love with the city and became close to Kublai Khan, advising him on many (A30) … . Marco Polo left a (A31) … account of his journey to China and his stay there. (A32) … the fact that he was not really a historian, he also wrote a long history of the Mongol people. Not everyone agrees that Marco Polo’s stories are real. However, fiction or not, they have captivated readers throughout the centuries.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Marco Polo is probably the most (A23) … traveller-explorer of the Far East. He was born in 1254 and was the son of an Italian merchant living in Venice, an important trade centre at that time. Marco was well-educated and also very curious, (A24) … particular interest in different cultures. His father had already travelled to the Far East (A25) … times, and in 1271, when the boy was seventeen, he decided to take Marco with him on his journey to China along the Silk Road, a series of trade routes through Asia. They (A26) … out from Venice, travelled through Armenia, Persia, and Afghanistan, and along the Silk Road. After travelling for (A27) … three years, they finally arrived at their (A28) …; the summer residence of the emperor Kublai Khan at Shang-tu, close to modern-day Beijing. Marco Polo (A29) … in love with the city and became close to Kublai Khan, advising him on many (A30) … . Marco Polo left a (A31) … account of his journey to China and his stay there. (A32) … the fact that he was not really a historian, he also wrote a long history of the Mongol people. Not everyone agrees that Marco Polo’s stories are real. However, fiction or not, they have captivated readers throughout the centuries.

Прочитайте диалог. Ответьте на вопрос, следующий после диалога, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Man: What shall we do after lunch?

Woman: We’ll be driven back to our vessel moored on the Neva River.

What does the woman mean?

Выберите реплику-стимул, подходящую по смыслу к предложенной ответной реплике.

The pleasure is all mine.

Установите соответствие между репликами-стимулами 1—4 и ответными репликами A—E. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Одна ответная реплика (A—E) является лишней.

1. You’ve made a wonderful cake.
2. Could you tell me the time?
3. I’ve lost three watches this year.
4. I’ve decided to go to Spain.

A. Sorry, I don’t have a watch.
B. Have you?
C. Sure. No problem.
D. Isn’t it ridiculous?
E. Help yourself to some more.

Расположите реплики так, чтобы получился связный диалог. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

A. Well, do not worry. I’ll put all your groceries underneath here, look, and you can go and get some money from the machine across the street.
B. Do you accept credit cards?
C. Oh thanks ever so much. I won’t be a minute.
D. That’ll be fifty-two pounds and twenty pence, please.
E. I’m afraid not. This is the express checkout, you see. It’s cash only.
F. Oh no! I’m sorry, I can’t pay for this then. I’ve hardly any cash on me.

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопрос. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. I had dressed quite nicely for my first day as a student. At 16, I had been upgraded from lowly pupil to proud student upon enrolment at St Anne’s College of Further Education. I would be spending the next two years on a drama foundation course, which I hoped would pave the way for me to become one of the great actresses of British theatre. In celebration of this new beginning and higher status, I had swapped my usual ripped jeans and sloppy jumpers for a pair of clean dungarees with a neatly pressed white shirt and, much to my mother’s shock, I had actually brushed my hair.

§ 2. Like many young people my age, I was under the impression that the best way to show individuality and creativity was by wearing the kind of clothing that my despairing mother claimed was not fit to be seen in public. But for my first day as a student I had made an effort to look what my mother called ‘respectable’.

§ 3. There were fifteen of us, sitting in a large circle on wobbly old chairs in the theatre hall, while the head of the drama department, Mr Wilson, gave us a warm welcoming speech and told us all about the course we were about to start. To my horror, he then invited us to say a little bit about ourselves and why we had decided to do a drama course. I had no idea what I would say in front of all these people, which was a bit embarrassing for a would-be actress. The truth was that despite a taste for unusual clothing, I was painfully shy.

§ 4. My alarm grew as it came closer to my turn. My mind went blank and my mouth dry in dread of making a complete idiot of myself within the first hour of my new life. One by one, the new students, enthusiastically explained their reasons for their longing for the stage. Then it was the turn of a girl who I hadn’t really noticed until that moment because I was too busy panicking about what I would say.

§ 5. While all the other students, including me, looked fresh-faced and eager to please sitting bolt upright on the rickety chairs, this girl stood out like a sore thumb. She was slumped down so low in her chair and her jacket collar was pulled up so high that you could hardly see her face at all. All that was visible was a mop of untidy short brown hair and extraordinarily large, furious blue eyes. She briefly poked her chin above her collar and grunted, “My name’s Tracy and I’m from Blackburn”. She then retreated like a turtle back into her shell leaving only her wild blue eyes on show and added no further information about herself.

§ 6. Everyone smiled politely in stunned silence but I was both impressed and relieved: I was impressed at her bravery in saying almost nothing even under pressure, and relieved that you could get away with saying so little about yourself. It gave me the confidence to say just a few words, without sounding foolish.

§ 7. After Mr Wilson at long last let us out of the hall to go to lunch, I managed to find the courage to go up to Tracy. She was sitting alone at a table in the cafeteria still slumped in her chair, eating a bar of chocolate. She looked very unfriendly and unapproachable. Taking a deep breath, I introduced myself. To my surprise, she looked up at me with her huge eyes and gave me a very bright, sweet smile. That was twenty-seven years ago, and although we never did become famous stars of the stage or screen, we’re still best friends.

Why did the writer change her appearance for her first day at college?

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопрос. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. I had dressed quite nicely for my first day as a student. At 16, I had been upgraded from lowly pupil to proud student upon enrolment at St Anne’s College of Further Education. I would be spending the next two years on a drama foundation course, which I hoped would pave the way for me to become one of the great actresses of British theatre. In celebration of this new beginning and higher status, I had swapped my usual ripped jeans and sloppy jumpers for a pair of clean dungarees with a neatly pressed white shirt and, much to my mother’s shock, I had actually brushed my hair.

§ 2. Like many young people my age, I was under the impression that the best way to show individuality and creativity was by wearing the kind of clothing that my despairing mother claimed was not fit to be seen in public. But for my first day as a student I had made an effort to look what my mother called ‘respectable’.

§ 3. There were fifteen of us, sitting in a large circle on wobbly old chairs in the theatre hall, while the head of the drama department, Mr Wilson, gave us a warm welcoming speech and told us all about the course we were about to start. To my horror, he then invited us to say a little bit about ourselves and why we had decided to do a drama course. I had no idea what I would say in front of all these people, which was a bit embarrassing for a would-be actress. The truth was that despite a taste for unusual clothing, I was painfully shy.

§ 4. My alarm grew as it came closer to my turn. My mind went blank and my mouth dry in dread of making a complete idiot of myself within the first hour of my new life. One by one, the new students, enthusiastically explained their reasons for their longing for the stage. Then it was the turn of a girl who I hadn’t really noticed until that moment because I was too busy panicking about what I would say.

§ 5. While all the other students, including me, looked fresh-faced and eager to please sitting bolt upright on the rickety chairs, this girl stood out like a sore thumb. She was slumped down so low in her chair and her jacket collar was pulled up so high that you could hardly see her face at all. All that was visible was a mop of untidy short brown hair and extraordinarily large, furious blue eyes. She briefly poked her chin above her collar and grunted, “My name’s Tracy and I’m from Blackburn”. She then retreated like a turtle back into her shell leaving only her wild blue eyes on show and added no further information about herself.

§ 6. Everyone smiled politely in stunned silence but I was both impressed and relieved: I was impressed at her bravery in saying almost nothing even under pressure, and relieved that you could get away with saying so little about yourself. It gave me the confidence to say just a few words, without sounding foolish.

§ 7. After Mr Wilson at long last let us out of the hall to go to lunch, I managed to find the courage to go up to Tracy. She was sitting alone at a table in the cafeteria still slumped in her chair, eating a bar of chocolate. She looked very unfriendly and unapproachable. Taking a deep breath, I introduced myself. To my surprise, she looked up at me with her huge eyes and gave me a very bright, sweet smile. That was twenty-seven years ago, and although we never did become famous stars of the stage or screen, we’re still best friends.

What do we learn about the writer in paragraph three?

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопрос. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. I had dressed quite nicely for my first day as a student. At 16, I had been upgraded from lowly pupil to proud student upon enrolment at St Anne’s College of Further Education. I would be spending the next two years on a drama foundation course, which I hoped would pave the way for me to become one of the great actresses of British theatre. In celebration of this new beginning and higher status, I had swapped my usual ripped jeans and sloppy jumpers for a pair of clean dungarees with a neatly pressed white shirt and, much to my mother’s shock, I had actually brushed my hair.

§ 2. Like many young people my age, I was under the impression that the best way to show individuality and creativity was by wearing the kind of clothing that my despairing mother claimed was not fit to be seen in public. But for my first day as a student I had made an effort to look what my mother called ‘respectable’.

§ 3. There were fifteen of us, sitting in a large circle on wobbly old chairs in the theatre hall, while the head of the drama department, Mr Wilson, gave us a warm welcoming speech and told us all about the course we were about to start. To my horror, he then invited us to say a little bit about ourselves and why we had decided to do a drama course. I had no idea what I would say in front of all these people, which was a bit embarrassing for a would-be actress. The truth was that despite a taste for unusual clothing, I was painfully shy.

§ 4. My alarm grew as it came closer to my turn. My mind went blank and my mouth dry in dread of making a complete idiot of myself within the first hour of my new life. One by one, the new students, enthusiastically explained their reasons for their longing for the stage. Then it was the turn of a girl who I hadn’t really noticed until that moment because I was too busy panicking about what I would say.

§ 5. While all the other students, including me, looked fresh-faced and eager to please sitting bolt upright on the rickety chairs, this girl stood out like a sore thumb. She was slumped down so low in her chair and her jacket collar was pulled up so high that you could hardly see her face at all. All that was visible was a mop of untidy short brown hair and extraordinarily large, furious blue eyes. She briefly poked her chin above her collar and grunted, “My name’s Tracy and I’m from Blackburn”. She then retreated like a turtle back into her shell leaving only her wild blue eyes on show and added no further information about herself.

§ 6. Everyone smiled politely in stunned silence but I was both impressed and relieved: I was impressed at her bravery in saying almost nothing even under pressure, and relieved that you could get away with saying so little about yourself. It gave me the confidence to say just a few words, without sounding foolish.

§ 7. After Mr Wilson at long last let us out of the hall to go to lunch, I managed to find the courage to go up to Tracy. She was sitting alone at a table in the cafeteria still slumped in her chair, eating a bar of chocolate. She looked very unfriendly and unapproachable. Taking a deep breath, I introduced myself. To my surprise, she looked up at me with her huge eyes and gave me a very bright, sweet smile. That was twenty-seven years ago, and although we never did become famous stars of the stage or screen, we’re still best friends.

The writer was nervous as

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопрос. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. I had dressed quite nicely for my first day as a student. At 16, I had been upgraded from lowly pupil to proud student upon enrolment at St Anne’s College of Further Education. I would be spending the next two years on a drama foundation course, which I hoped would pave the way for me to become one of the great actresses of British theatre. In celebration of this new beginning and higher status, I had swapped my usual ripped jeans and sloppy jumpers for a pair of clean dungarees with a neatly pressed white shirt and, much to my mother’s shock, I had actually brushed my hair.

§ 2. Like many young people my age, I was under the impression that the best way to show individuality and creativity was by wearing the kind of clothing that my despairing mother claimed was not fit to be seen in public. But for my first day as a student I had made an effort to look what my mother called ‘respectable’.

§ 3. There were fifteen of us, sitting in a large circle on wobbly old chairs in the theatre hall, while the head of the drama department, Mr Wilson, gave us a warm welcoming speech and told us all about the course we were about to start. To my horror, he then invited us to say a little bit about ourselves and why we had decided to do a drama course. I had no idea what I would say in front of all these people, which was a bit embarrassing for a would-be actress. The truth was that despite a taste for unusual clothing, I was painfully shy.

§ 4. My alarm grew as it came closer to my turn. My mind went blank and my mouth dry in dread of making a complete idiot of myself within the first hour of my new life. One by one, the new students, enthusiastically explained their reasons for their longing for the stage. Then it was the turn of a girl who I hadn’t really noticed until that moment because I was too busy panicking about what I would say.

§ 5. While all the other students, including me, looked fresh-faced and eager to please sitting bolt upright on the rickety chairs, this girl stood out like a sore thumb. She was slumped down so low in her chair and her jacket collar was pulled up so high that you could hardly see her face at all. All that was visible was a mop of untidy short brown hair and extraordinarily large, furious blue eyes. She briefly poked her chin above her collar and grunted, “My name’s Tracy and I’m from Blackburn”. She then retreated like a turtle back into her shell leaving only her wild blue eyes on show and added no further information about herself.

§ 6. Everyone smiled politely in stunned silence but I was both impressed and relieved: I was impressed at her bravery in saying almost nothing even under pressure, and relieved that you could get away with saying so little about yourself. It gave me the confidence to say just a few words, without sounding foolish.

§ 7. After Mr Wilson at long last let us out of the hall to go to lunch, I managed to find the courage to go up to Tracy. She was sitting alone at a table in the cafeteria still slumped in her chair, eating a bar of chocolate. She looked very unfriendly and unapproachable. Taking a deep breath, I introduced myself. To my surprise, she looked up at me with her huge eyes and gave me a very bright, sweet smile. That was twenty-seven years ago, and although we never did become famous stars of the stage or screen, we’re still best friends.

In paragraph five, when the writer tells us that the girl she had just noticed ‘stood out like a sore thumb’, she means that she 

Прочитайте текст. Определите значение слова swapped (§ 1) в тексте. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. I had dressed quite nicely for my first day as a student. At 16, I had been upgraded from lowly pupil to proud student upon enrolment at St Anne’s College of Further Education. I would be spending the next two years on a drama foundation course, which I hoped would pave the way for me to become one of the great actresses of British theatre. In celebration of this new beginning and higher status, I had swapped my usual ripped jeans and sloppy jumpers for a pair of clean dungarees with a neatly pressed white shirt and, much to my mother’s shock, I had actually brushed my hair.

§ 2. Like many young people my age, I was under the impression that the best way to show individuality and creativity was by wearing the kind of clothing that my despairing mother claimed was not fit to be seen in public. But for my first day as a student I had made an effort to look what my mother called ‘respectable’.

§ 3. There were fifteen of us, sitting in a large circle on wobbly old chairs in the theatre hall, while the head of the drama department, Mr Wilson, gave us a warm welcoming speech and told us all about the course we were about to start. To my horror, he then invited us to say a little bit about ourselves and why we had decided to do a drama course. I had no idea what I would say in front of all these people, which was a bit embarrassing for a would-be actress. The truth was that despite a taste for unusual clothing, I was painfully shy.

§ 4. My alarm grew as it came closer to my turn. My mind went blank and my mouth dry in dread of making a complete idiot of myself within the first hour of my new life. One by one, the new students, enthusiastically explained their reasons for their longing for the stage. Then it was the turn of a girl who I hadn’t really noticed until that moment because I was too busy panicking about what I would say.

§ 5. While all the other students, including me, looked fresh-faced and eager to please sitting bolt upright on the rickety chairs, this girl stood out like a sore thumb. She was slumped down so low in her chair and her jacket collar was pulled up so high that you could hardly see her face at all. All that was visible was a mop of untidy short brown hair and extraordinarily large, furious blue eyes. She briefly poked her chin above her collar and grunted, “My name’s Tracy and I’m from Blackburn”. She then retreated like a turtle back into her shell leaving only her wild blue eyes on show and added no further information about herself.

§ 6. Everyone smiled politely in stunned silence but I was both impressed and relieved: I was impressed at her bravery in saying almost nothing even under pressure, and relieved that you could get away with saying so little about yourself. It gave me the confidence to say just a few words, without sounding foolish.

§ 7. After Mr Wilson at long last let us out of the hall to go to lunch, I managed to find the courage to go up to Tracy. She was sitting alone at a table in the cafeteria still slumped in her chair, eating a bar of chocolate. She looked very unfriendly and unapproachable. Taking a deep breath, I introduced myself. To my surprise, she looked up at me with her huge eyes and gave me a very bright, sweet smile. That was twenty-seven years ago, and although we never did become famous stars of the stage or screen, we’re still best friends.

Прочитайте текст. Определите значение слова bright (§ 7) в тексте. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. I had dressed quite nicely for my first day as a student. At 16, I had been upgraded from lowly pupil to proud student upon enrolment at St Anne’s College of Further Education. I would be spending the next two years on a drama foundation course, which I hoped would pave the way for me to become one of the great actresses of British theatre. In celebration of this new beginning and higher status, I had swapped my usual ripped jeans and sloppy jumpers for a pair of clean dungarees with a neatly pressed white shirt and, much to my mother’s shock, I had actually brushed my hair.

§ 2. Like many young people my age, I was under the impression that the best way to show individuality and creativity was by wearing the kind of clothing that my despairing mother claimed was not fit to be seen in public. But for my first day as a student I had made an effort to look what my mother called ‘respectable’.

§ 3. There were fifteen of us, sitting in a large circle on wobbly old chairs in the theatre hall, while the head of the drama department, Mr Wilson, gave us a warm welcoming speech and told us all about the course we were about to start. To my horror, he then invited us to say a little bit about ourselves and why we had decided to do a drama course. I had no idea what I would say in front of all these people, which was a bit embarrassing for a would-be actress. The truth was that despite a taste for unusual clothing, I was painfully shy.

§ 4. My alarm grew as it came closer to my turn. My mind went blank and my mouth dry in dread of making a complete idiot of myself within the first hour of my new life. One by one, the new students, enthusiastically explained their reasons for their longing for the stage. Then it was the turn of a girl who I hadn’t really noticed until that moment because I was too busy panicking about what I would say.

§ 5. While all the other students, including me, looked fresh-faced and eager to please sitting bolt upright on the rickety chairs, this girl stood out like a sore thumb. She was slumped down so low in her chair and her jacket collar was pulled up so high that you could hardly see her face at all. All that was visible was a mop of untidy short brown hair and extraordinarily large, furious blue eyes. She briefly poked her chin above her collar and grunted, “My name’s Tracy and I’m from Blackburn”. She then retreated like a turtle back into her shell leaving only her wild blue eyes on show and added no further information about herself.

§ 6. Everyone smiled politely in stunned silence but I was both impressed and relieved: I was impressed at her bravery in saying almost nothing even under pressure, and relieved that you could get away with saying so little about yourself. It gave me the confidence to say just a few words, without sounding foolish.

§ 7. After Mr Wilson at long last let us out of the hall to go to lunch, I managed to find the courage to go up to Tracy. She was sitting alone at a table in the cafeteria still slumped in her chair, eating a bar of chocolate. She looked very unfriendly and unapproachable. Taking a deep breath, I introduced myself. To my surprise, she looked up at me with her huge eyes and gave me a very bright, sweet smile. That was twenty-seven years ago, and although we never did become famous stars of the stage or screen, we’re still best friends.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A43 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним.

Jean-Francois Blaser is a man who inspires confidence. He has to be, to make a living as a canyoning guide. (A43) ____ Jean-Francois took one hand off the rope — my lifeline — to wave. “Welcome to canyoning,” he said as I went over the edge.

(A44) ____ Like river rafting and kayaking, canyoning is a sport of the 1990s, part of the new search for summer adventure in the mountains. It has taken over from the tamer pastimes of water-skiing and surfing, and brought them to a higher level — and altitude.

If you like dressing up, you’ll adore canyoning. Getting kitted out involves wrestling into a skin-tight neoprene full-body wetsuit, including booties and a neoprene overvest. A helmet is obligatory, as is a climbing harness and what can only be described as a plastic baby’s nappy — worn to lessen abrasion from rocks against the skin of the wetsuit.

Waddling in tennis shoes down a steep mountain trail to the canyon head, the summer sun is sweltering. (A45) ____ The rush of water is the only sound and glacier streams seldom top ten degrees Celsius even at the height of summer.

At what looked to me like Switzerland’s version of the Niagara Falls, Jean-Francois snaked a rope through the abseiling rings on our harness. (A46) ____ Translated into English, what he meant was that he would control each descent from a relaying point above the fall. All we had to do was to kick off the cliff wall as we descended — not to mention trying to avoid drowning in the torrent crashing down on our heads the whole time.

Canyoning is fun, no doubt about it. But is it dangerous? (A47) ____ This year a French guide was killed attempting a Swiss canyon, where he had no previous experience, during a period of high water. And only the previous day, another journalist had suffered two broken legs. (A48) ____ Having leapt far out from the side of the canyon, yet still unable to see the destination pool of water below, he bent his legs in the air. As canyoning guides instruct, it is essential to keep arms and legs rigidly straight when jumping.

Physical risks apart, perhaps the most dangerous thing about canyoning is that it is addictive. Or as Jean-Francois Blaser puts it, “Now you know the route, next time you can do it by yourself.”


1) These thoughts crossed my mind as I was standing knee deep in freezing water on the edge of a 31-metre waterfall.

2) But down in the deep river bed below, all sunshine is cut off by black, glistening rock walls.

3) As with any adventure sport, the exhilaration carries over into the rest of your life.

4) What is canyoning and why on earth would anybody do it?

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A44 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним.

Jean-Francois Blaser is a man who inspires confidence. He has to be, to make a living as a canyoning guide. (A43) ____ Jean-Francois took one hand off the rope — my lifeline — to wave. “Welcome to canyoning,” he said as I went over the edge.

(A44) ____ Like river rafting and kayaking, canyoning is a sport of the 1990s, part of the new search for summer adventure in the mountains. It has taken over from the tamer pastimes of water-skiing and surfing, and brought them to a higher level — and altitude.

If you like dressing up, you’ll adore canyoning. Getting kitted out involves wrestling into a skin-tight neoprene full-body wetsuit, including booties and a neoprene overvest. A helmet is obligatory, as is a climbing harness and what can only be described as a plastic baby’s nappy — worn to lessen abrasion from rocks against the skin of the wetsuit.

Waddling in tennis shoes down a steep mountain trail to the canyon head, the summer sun is sweltering. (A45) ____ The rush of water is the only sound and glacier streams seldom top ten degrees Celsius even at the height of summer.

At what looked to me like Switzerland’s version of the Niagara Falls, Jean-Francois snaked a rope through the abseiling rings on our harness. (A46) ____ Translated into English, what he meant was that he would control each descent from a relaying point above the fall. All we had to do was to kick off the cliff wall as we descended — not to mention trying to avoid drowning in the torrent crashing down on our heads the whole time.

Canyoning is fun, no doubt about it. But is it dangerous? (A47) ____ This year a French guide was killed attempting a Swiss canyon, where he had no previous experience, during a period of high water. And only the previous day, another journalist had suffered two broken legs. (A48) ____ Having leapt far out from the side of the canyon, yet still unable to see the destination pool of water below, he bent his legs in the air. As canyoning guides instruct, it is essential to keep arms and legs rigidly straight when jumping.

Physical risks apart, perhaps the most dangerous thing about canyoning is that it is addictive. Or as Jean-Francois Blaser puts it, “Now you know the route, next time you can do it by yourself.”


1) These thoughts crossed my mind as I was standing knee deep in freezing water on the edge of a 31-­metre waterfall.

2) But down in the deep river bed below, all sunshine is cut off by black, glistening rock walls.

3) As with any adventure sport, the exhilaration carries over into the rest of your life.

4) What is canyoning and why on earth would anybody do it?

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A45 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним.

Jean-Francois Blaser is a man who inspires confidence. He has to be, to make a living as a canyoning guide. (A43) ____ Jean-Francois took one hand off the rope — my lifeline — to wave. “Welcome to canyoning,” he said as I went over the edge.

(A44) ____ Like river rafting and kayaking, canyoning is a sport of the 1990s, part of the new search for summer adventure in the mountains. It has taken over from the tamer pastimes of water-skiing and surfing, and brought them to a higher level — and altitude.

If you like dressing up, you’ll adore canyoning. Getting kitted out involves wrestling into a skin-tight neoprene full-body wetsuit, including booties and a neoprene overvest. A helmet is obligatory, as is a climbing harness and what can only be described as a plastic baby’s nappy — worn to lessen abrasion from rocks against the skin of the wetsuit.

Waddling in tennis shoes down a steep mountain trail to the canyon head, the summer sun is sweltering. (A45) ____ The rush of water is the only sound and glacier streams seldom top ten degrees Celsius even at the height of summer.

At what looked to me like Switzerland’s version of the Niagara Falls, Jean-Francois snaked a rope through the abseiling rings on our harness. (A46) ____ Translated into English, what he meant was that he would control each descent from a relaying point above the fall. All we had to do was to kick off the cliff wall as we descended — not to mention trying to avoid drowning in the torrent crashing down on our heads the whole time.

Canyoning is fun, no doubt about it. But is it dangerous? (A47) ____ This year a French guide was killed attempting a Swiss canyon, where he had no previous experience, during a period of high water. And only the previous day, another journalist had suffered two broken legs. (A48) ____ Having leapt far out from the side of the canyon, yet still unable to see the destination pool of water below, he bent his legs in the air. As canyoning guides instruct, it is essential to keep arms and legs rigidly straight when jumping.

Physical risks apart, perhaps the most dangerous thing about canyoning is that it is addictive. Or as Jean-Francois Blaser puts it, “Now you know the route, next time you can do it by yourself.”


1) These thoughts crossed my mind as I was standing knee deep in freezing water on the edge of a 31-metre waterfall.

2) But down in the deep river bed below, all sunshine is cut off by black, glistening rock walls.

3) As with any adventure sport, the exhilaration carries over into the rest of your life.

4) What is canyoning and why on earth would anybody do it?

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A46 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним.

Jean-Francois Blaser is a man who inspires confidence. He has to be, to make a living as a canyoning guide. (A43) ____ Jean-Francois took one hand off the rope — my lifeline — to wave. “Welcome to canyoning,” he said as I went over the edge.

(A44) ____ Like river rafting and kayaking, canyoning is a sport of the 1990s, part of the new search for summer adventure in the mountains. It has taken over from the tamer pastimes of water-skiing and surfing, and brought them to a higher level — and altitude.

If you like dressing up, you’ll adore canyoning. Getting kitted out involves wrestling into a skin-tight neoprene full-body wetsuit, including booties and a neoprene overvest. A helmet is obligatory, as is a climbing harness and what can only be described as a plastic baby’s nappy — worn to lessen abrasion from rocks against the skin of the wetsuit.

Waddling in tennis shoes down a steep mountain trail to the canyon head, the summer sun is sweltering. (A45) ____ The rush of water is the only sound and glacier streams seldom top ten degrees Celsius even at the height of summer.

At what looked to me like Switzerland’s version of the Niagara Falls, Jean-Francois snaked a rope through the abseiling rings on our harness. (A46) ____ Translated into English, what he meant was that he would control each descent from a relaying point above the fall. All we had to do was to kick off the cliff wall as we descended — not to mention trying to avoid drowning in the torrent crashing down on our heads the whole time.

Canyoning is fun, no doubt about it. But is it dangerous? (A47) ____ This year a French guide was killed attempting a Swiss canyon, where he had no previous experience, during a period of high water. And only the previous day, another journalist had suffered two broken legs. (A48) ____ Having leapt far out from the side of the canyon, yet still unable to see the destination pool of water below, he bent his legs in the air. As canyoning guides instruct, it is essential to keep arms and legs rigidly straight when jumping.

Physical risks apart, perhaps the most dangerous thing about canyoning is that it is addictive. Or as Jean-Francois Blaser puts it, “Now you know the route, next time you can do it by yourself.”


1) The journalist did, however, admit that his injury was the result of his own actions.

2) While there are some fairly technical canyoning trips around, most focus on fun and beautiful locations with plenty of big jumps and natural water slides that are accessible to all.

3) “It’s only 20 metres,” he shouted through the spray, “but since it’s your first time, I’ll let you down.”

4) The answer has to be “yes” — for the holiday sensation seeker.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A47 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним.

Jean-Francois Blaser is a man who inspires confidence. He has to be, to make a living as a canyoning guide. (A43) ____ Jean-Francois took one hand off the rope — my lifeline — to wave. “Welcome to canyoning,” he said as I went over the edge.

(A44) ____ Like river rafting and kayaking, canyoning is a sport of the 1990s, part of the new search for summer adventure in the mountains. It has taken over from the tamer pastimes of water-skiing and surfing, and brought them to a higher level — and altitude.

If you like dressing up, you’ll adore canyoning. Getting kitted out involves wrestling into a skin-tight neoprene full-body wetsuit, including booties and a neoprene overvest. A helmet is obligatory, as is a climbing harness and what can only be described as a plastic baby’s nappy — worn to lessen abrasion from rocks against the skin of the wetsuit.

Waddling in tennis shoes down a steep mountain trail to the canyon head, the summer sun is sweltering. (A45) ____ The rush of water is the only sound and glacier streams seldom top ten degrees Celsius even at the height of summer.

At what looked to me like Switzerland’s version of the Niagara Falls, Jean-Francois snaked a rope through the abseiling rings on our harness. (A46) ____ Translated into English, what he meant was that he would control each descent from a relaying point above the fall. All we had to do was to kick off the cliff wall as we descended — not to mention trying to avoid drowning in the torrent crashing down on our heads the whole time.

Canyoning is fun, no doubt about it. But is it dangerous? (A47) ____ This year a French guide was killed attempting a Swiss canyon, where he had no previous experience, during a period of high water. And only the previous day, another journalist had suffered two broken legs. (A48) ____ Having leapt far out from the side of the canyon, yet still unable to see the destination pool of water below, he bent his legs in the air. As canyoning guides instruct, it is essential to keep arms and legs rigidly straight when jumping.

Physical risks apart, perhaps the most dangerous thing about canyoning is that it is addictive. Or as Jean-Francois Blaser puts it, “Now you know the route, next time you can do it by yourself.”


1) The journalist did, however, admit that his injury was the result of his own actions.

2) While there are some fairly technical canyoning trips around, most focus on fun and beautiful locations with plenty of big jumps and natural water slides that are accessible to all.

3) “It’s only 20 metres,” he shouted through the spray, “but since it’s your first time, I’ll let you down.”

4) The answer has to be “yes” — for the holiday sensation seeker.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A48 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним.

Jean-Francois Blaser is a man who inspires confidence. He has to be, to make a living as a canyoning guide. (A43) ____ Jean-Francois took one hand off the rope — my lifeline — to wave. “Welcome to canyoning,” he said as I went over the edge.

(A44) ____ Like river rafting and kayaking, canyoning is a sport of the 1990s, part of the new search for summer adventure in the mountains. It has taken over from the tamer pastimes of water-skiing and surfing, and brought them to a higher level — and altitude.

If you like dressing up, you’ll adore canyoning. Getting kitted out involves wrestling into a skin-tight neoprene full-body wetsuit, including booties and a neoprene overvest. A helmet is obligatory, as is a climbing harness and what can only be described as a plastic baby’s nappy — worn to lessen abrasion from rocks against the skin of the wetsuit.

Waddling in tennis shoes down a steep mountain trail to the canyon head, the summer sun is sweltering. (A45) ____ The rush of water is the only sound and glacier streams seldom top ten degrees Celsius even at the height of summer.

At what looked to me like Switzerland’s version of the Niagara Falls, Jean-Francois snaked a rope through the abseiling rings on our harness. (A46) ____ Translated into English, what he meant was that he would control each descent from a relaying point above the fall. All we had to do was to kick off the cliff wall as we descended — not to mention trying to avoid drowning in the torrent crashing down on our heads the whole time.

Canyoning is fun, no doubt about it. But is it dangerous? (A47) ____ This year a French guide was killed attempting a Swiss canyon, where he had no previous experience, during a period of high water. And only the previous day, another journalist had suffered two broken legs. (A48) ____ Having leapt far out from the side of the canyon, yet still unable to see the destination pool of water below, he bent his legs in the air. As canyoning guides instruct, it is essential to keep arms and legs rigidly straight when jumping.

Physical risks apart, perhaps the most dangerous thing about canyoning is that it is addictive. Or as Jean-Francois Blaser puts it, “Now you know the route, next time you can do it by yourself.”


1) The journalist did, however, admit that his injury was the result of his own actions.

2) While there are some fairly technical canyoning trips around, most focus on fun and beautiful locations with plenty of big jumps and natural water slides that are accessible to all.

3) “It’s only 20 metres,” he shouted through the spray, “but since it’s your first time, I’ll let you down.”

4) The answer has to be “yes” — for the holiday sensation seeker.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее слово из предложенных и запишите его в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить.

CREATE, POSSIBLE, UNIVERSE, SOPHISTICATE

The first experimental step towards (B1) … a credit card was taken by a US company in 1914. They issued an (B2) … metal token to their customers, allowing them to defer their bills. But nearly half a century was to pass before the (B3) … of establishing a (B4) … credit card would be taken seriously.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее слово из предложенных и запишите его в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить.

CREATE, POSSIBLE, UNIVERSE, SOPHISTICATE

The first experimental step towards (B1) … a credit card was taken by a US company in 1914. They issued an (B2) … metal token to their customers, allowing them to defer their bills. But nearly half a century was to pass before the (B3) … of establishing a (B4) … credit card would be taken seriously.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее слово из предложенных и запишите его в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить.

CREATE, POSSIBLE, UNIVERSE, SOPHISTICATE

The first experimental step towards (B1) … a credit card was taken by a US company in 1914. They issued an (B2) … metal token to their customers, allowing them to defer their bills. But nearly half a century was to pass before the (B3) … of establishing a (B4) … credit card would be taken seriously.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее слово из предложенных и запишите его в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить.

CREATE, POSSIBLE, UNIVERSE, SOPHISTICATE

The first experimental step towards (B1) … a credit card was taken by a US company in 1914. They issued an (B2) … metal token to their customers, allowing them to defer their bills. But nearly half a century was to pass before the (B3) … of establishing a (B4) … credit card would be taken seriously.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните каждый из пропусков только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.

Do you feel the cold? If the answer is ‘yes’, then (B5) … not try a cold bath or shower? This unusual advice (B6) … from a natural health therapist in Germany (B7) …, for the last 30 years, has (B8) … studying the effects of cold water.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните каждый из пропусков только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.

Do you feel the cold? If the answer is ‘yes’, then (B5) … not try a cold bath or shower? This unusual advice (B6) … from a natural health therapist in Germany (B7) …, for the last 30 years, has (B8) … studying the effects of cold water.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните каждый из пропусков только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.

Do you feel the cold? If the answer is ‘yes’, then (B5) … not try a cold bath or shower? This unusual advice (B6) … from a natural health therapist in Germany (B7) …, for the last 30 years, has (B8) … studying the effects of cold water.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните каждый из пропусков только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.

Do you feel the cold? If the answer is ‘yes’, then (B5) … not try a cold bath or shower? This unusual advice (B6) … from a natural health therapist in Germany (B7) …, for the last 30 years, has (B8) … studying the effects of cold water.

Прочитайте текст. Найдите два лишних слова в тексте.

The most frightening experience in my life happened to me a few years ago while I was been at university. I was a member of the rock climbing club, and every weekend we would go for climbing in the Welsh mountains.

Прочитайте текст. Найдите два лишних слова в тексте.

One Saturday we set off in fine spirits — the sun was shining and there it was not a cloud in the sky. We began to climb the mountain, and by lunchtime we had managed to get at least halfway that up.

Переведите на английский язык фрагмент предложения, данный в скобках.

Sometimes one team looked like winning but then (вторая) came right back into the game.

Переведите на английский язык фрагмент предложения, данный в скобках.

I am older than you, (не так ли)?