Жалок тот ученик, который не превосходит своего учителя.

Леонардо да Винчи

Вариант 2

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Karen sat at her desk. She couldn’t concentrate on her work because she was thinking about Dave. They had been working together for three years and she had always liked him more than any other colleagues. They had never had an argument. They used to talk about anything together — work matters or things that (A1) … their private lives at the time. But now, everything (A2) … . She felt that Dave (A3) … very strange. Did he have some terrible secret? She decided to speak to him about it. Dave was having a coffee in the canteen when she found him. She got straight to the point. “Dave,” she said, “I (A4) … you for years. We started working here at the same time and we (A5) … well together. But you (A6) … very strangely. What (A7) …?”

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Karen sat at her desk. She couldn’t concentrate on her work because she was thinking about Dave. They had been working together for three years and she had always liked him more than any other colleagues. They had never had an argument. They used to talk about anything together — work matters or things that (A1) … their private lives at the time. But now, everything (A2) … . She felt that Dave (A3) … very strange. Did he have some terrible secret? She decided to speak to him about it. Dave was having a coffee in the canteen when she found him. She got straight to the point. “Dave,” she said, “I (A4) … you for years. We started working here at the same time and we (A5) … well together. But you (A6) … very strangely. What (A7) …?”

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Karen sat at her desk. She couldn’t concentrate on her work because she was thinking about Dave. They had been working together for three years and she had always liked him more than any other colleagues. They had never had an argument. They used to talk about anything together — work matters or things that (A1) … their private lives at the time. But now, everything (A2) … . She felt that Dave (A3) … very strange. Did he have some terrible secret? She decided to speak to him about it. Dave was having a coffee in the canteen when she found him. She got straight to the point. “Dave,” she said, “I (A4) … you for years. We started working here at the same time and we (A5) … well together. But you (A6) … very strangely. What (A7) …?”

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Karen sat at her desk. She couldn’t concentrate on her work because she was thinking about Dave. They had been working together for three years and she had always liked him more than any other colleagues. They had never had an argument. They used to talk about anything together — work matters or things that (A1) … their private lives at the time. But now, everything (A2) … . She felt that Dave (A3) … very strange. Did he have some terrible secret? She decided to speak to him about it. Dave was having a coffee in the canteen when she found him. She got straight to the point. “Dave,” she said, “I (A4) … you for years. We started working here at the same time and we (A5) … well together. But you (A6) … very strangely. What (A7) …?”

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Karen sat at her desk. She couldn’t concentrate on her work because she was thinking about Dave. They had been working together for three years and she had always liked him more than any other colleagues. They had never had an argument. They used to talk about anything together — work matters or things that (A1) … their private lives at the time. But now, everything (A2) … . She felt that Dave (A3) … very strange. Did he have some terrible secret? She decided to speak to him about it. Dave was having a coffee in the canteen when she found him. She got straight to the point. “Dave,” she said, “I (A4) … you for years. We started working here at the same time and we (A5) … well together. But you (A6) … very strangely. What (A7) …?”

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Karen sat at her desk. She couldn’t concentrate on her work because she was thinking about Dave. They had been working together for three years and she had always liked him more than any other colleagues. They had never had an argument. They used to talk about anything together — work matters or things that (A1) … their private lives at the time. But now, everything (A2) … . She felt that Dave (A3) … very strange. Did he have some terrible secret? She decided to speak to him about it. Dave was having a coffee in the canteen when she found him. She got straight to the point. “Dave,” she said, “I (A4) … you for years. We started working here at the same time and we (A5) … well together. But you (A6) … very strangely. What (A7) …?”

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Karen sat at her desk. She couldn’t concentrate on her work because she was thinking about Dave. They had been working together for three years and she had always liked him more than any other colleagues. They had never had an argument. They used to talk about anything together — work matters or things that (A1) … their private lives at the time. But now, everything (A2) … . She felt that Dave (A3) … very strange. Did he have some terrible secret? She decided to speak to him about it. Dave was having a coffee in the canteen when she found him. She got straight to the point. “Dave,” she said, “I (A4) … you for years. We started working here at the same time and we (A5) … well together. But you (A6) … very strangely. What (A7) …?”

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Without a doubt, teaching is one of the oldest professions and one of the most challenging. To be a good teacher, you need certain qualities such as maturity, sympathy and patience. Teachers must also be good communicators if they are to convey knowledge (A8) … their students. Language teachers (A9) … particular have to be aware of the skills students need to develop in order to communicate successfully with each other. As well as being sensitive (A10) … students’ needs, teachers also need to be helpful and approachable while at the same time maintaining high standards of (A11) … discipline in (A12) … classroom. Perhaps most importantly, teachers need to keep themselves well­informed (A13) … current developments (A14) … their field and the world in general in order to give their all. However, teachers can find themselves unable to help students outside of class, but they constantly try to help everyone in (A15) … class.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Without a doubt, teaching is one of the oldest professions and one of the most challenging. To be a good teacher, you need certain qualities such as maturity, sympathy and patience. Teachers must also be good communicators if they are to convey knowledge (A8) … their students. Language teachers (A9) … particular have to be aware of the skills students need to develop in order to communicate successfully with each other. As well as being sensitive (A10) … students’ needs, teachers also need to be helpful and approachable while at the same time maintaining high standards of (A11) … discipline in (A12) … classroom. Perhaps most importantly, teachers need to keep themselves well­informed (A13) … current developments (A14) … their field and the world in general in order to give their all. However, teachers can find themselves unable to help students outside of class, but they constantly try to help everyone in (A15) … class.

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Without a doubt, teaching is one of the oldest professions and one of the most challenging. To be a good teacher, you need certain qualities such as maturity, sympathy and patience. Teachers must also be good communicators if they are to convey knowledge (A8) … their students. Language teachers (A9) … particular have to be aware of the skills students need to develop in order to communicate successfully with each other. As well as being sensitive (A10) … students’ needs, teachers also need to be helpful and approachable while at the same time maintaining high standards of (A11) … discipline in (A12) … classroom. Perhaps most importantly, teachers need to keep themselves well­informed (A13) … current developments (A14) … their field and the world in general in order to give their all. However, teachers can find themselves unable to help students outside of class, but they constantly try to help everyone in (A15) … class.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Without a doubt, teaching is one of the oldest professions and one of the most challenging. To be a good teacher, you need certain qualities such as maturity, sympathy and patience. Teachers must also be good communicators if they are to convey knowledge (A8) … their students. Language teachers (A9) … particular have to be aware of the skills students need to develop in order to communicate successfully with each other. As well as being sensitive (A10) … students’ needs, teachers also need to be helpful and approachable while at the same time maintaining high standards of (A11) … discipline in (A12) … classroom. Perhaps most importantly, teachers need to keep themselves well­informed (A13) … current developments (A14) … their field and the world in general in order to give their all. However, teachers can find themselves unable to help students outside of class, but they constantly try to help everyone in (A15) … class.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Without a doubt, teaching is one of the oldest professions and one of the most challenging. To be a good teacher, you need certain qualities such as maturity, sympathy and patience. Teachers must also be good communicators if they are to convey knowledge (A8) … their students. Language teachers (A9) … particular have to be aware of the skills students need to develop in order to communicate successfully with each other. As well as being sensitive (A10) … students’ needs, teachers also need to be helpful and approachable while at the same time maintaining high standards of (A11) … discipline in (A12) … classroom. Perhaps most importantly, teachers need to keep themselves well­informed (A13) … current developments (A14) … their field and the world in general in order to give their all. However, teachers can find themselves unable to help students outside of class, but they constantly try to help everyone in (A15) … class.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Without a doubt, teaching is one of the oldest professions and one of the most challenging. To be a good teacher, you need certain qualities such as maturity, sympathy and patience. Teachers must also be good communicators if they are to convey knowledge (A8) … their students. Language teachers (A9) … particular have to be aware of the skills students need to develop in order to communicate successfully with each other. As well as being sensitive (A10) … students’ needs, teachers also need to be helpful and approachable while at the same time maintaining high standards of (A11) … discipline in (A12) … classroom. Perhaps most importantly, teachers need to keep themselves well­informed (A13) … current developments (A14) … their field and the world in general in order to give their all. However, teachers can find themselves unable to help students outside of class, but they constantly try to help everyone in (A15) … class.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Without a doubt, teaching is one of the oldest professions and one of the most challenging. To be a good teacher, you need certain qualities such as maturity, sympathy and patience. Teachers must also be good communicators if they are to convey knowledge (A8) … their students. Language teachers (A9) … particular have to be aware of the skills students need to develop in order to communicate successfully with each other. As well as being sensitive (A10) … students’ needs, teachers also need to be helpful and approachable while at the same time maintaining high standards of (A11) … discipline in (A12) … classroom. Perhaps most importantly, teachers need to keep themselves well­informed (A13) … current developments (A14) … their field and the world in general in order to give their all. However, teachers can find themselves unable to help students outside of class, but they constantly try to help everyone in (A15) … class.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Without a doubt, teaching is one of the oldest professions and one of the most challenging. To be a good teacher, you need certain qualities such as maturity, sympathy and patience. Teachers must also be good communicators if they are to convey knowledge (A8) … their students. Language teachers (A9) … particular have to be aware of the skills students need to develop in order to communicate successfully with each other. As well as being sensitive (A10) … students’ needs, teachers also need to be helpful and approachable while at the same time maintaining high standards of (A11) … discipline in (A12) … classroom. Perhaps most importantly, teachers need to keep themselves well­informed (A13) … current developments (A14) … their field and the world in general in order to give their all. However, teachers can find themselves unable to help students outside of class, but they constantly try to help everyone in (A15) … class.

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I am … that I could eat anything.

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I can’t finish the job … you stop speaking to me.

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Neither my traveller’s bill (1) nor the money that my father sent me (2) are sufficient (3) to pay for the tickets (4).

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Every night the watchman (1) would lock the doors (2), turning on the spot lights (3), and walk around the building (4).

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I would rather buy (1) a second-­hand car (2) than to spend (3) so much money on a new one (4).

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In the early 60’th (1) of the last century (2) platform shoes (3) were very fashionable (4).

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Do you think (1) you could pass me (2) a hand (3) with the washing­-up (4)?

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The name Rolls-Royce has been associated with high-quality cars for (A23) … a century. The first Rolls-Royce was produced in 1905, as the result of the (A24) … efforts of Charles Stewart Rolls and Frederick Henry Royce. Rolls, an upper-class Londoner who was (A25) … at Eton and Cambridge University, started a company in 1902 to sell motor-cars. Royce came from a working-class (A26) … . He began his apprenticeship in a railway workshop at the age of 14, but by the age of 21 he had (A27) … up his own engineering business. Royce designed several motor-cars, and his first experimental model appeared in 1903. (A28) … after that, Charles Rolls and Henry Royce met and formed the Rolls-Royce manufacturing firm in 1904. Royce designed the motor-cars and Rolls sold them. Rolls, who had (A29) … himself a reputation as a keen racing motorist, also had a (A30) … for flying. In 1910, at the age of only 33, he sadly met his death in a plane crash — in fact, he was the first Englishman to die in this way. Royce, however, continued work on their shared dream, and (A31) … to develop his first aero-engine in 1915. The Rolls-Royce Merlin aero-engine later powered British fighter aeroplanes in World War II. On Royce’s death in 1933, the famous Rolls-Royce monogram was changed from red to black as a (A32) … of respect for the great man.

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The name Rolls-Royce has been associated with high-quality cars for (A23) … a century. The first Rolls-Royce was produced in 1905, as the result of the (A24) … efforts of Charles Stewart Rolls and Frederick Henry Royce. Rolls, an upper-class Londoner who was (A25) … at Eton and Cambridge University, started a company in 1902 to sell motor-cars. Royce came from a working-class (A26) … . He began his apprenticeship in a railway workshop at the age of 14, but by the age of 21 he had (A27) … up his own engineering business. Royce designed several motor-cars, and his first experimental model appeared in 1903. (A28) … after that, Charles Rolls and Henry Royce met and formed the Rolls-Royce manufacturing firm in 1904. Royce designed the motor-cars and Rolls sold them. Rolls, who had (A29) … himself a reputation as a keen racing motorist, also had a (A30) … for flying. In 1910, at the age of only 33, he sadly met his death in a plane crash — in fact, he was the first Englishman to die in this way. Royce, however, continued work on their shared dream, and (A31) … to develop his first aero-engine in 1915. The Rolls-Royce Merlin aero-engine later powered British fighter aeroplanes in World War II. On Royce’s death in 1933, the famous Rolls-Royce monogram was changed from red to black as a (A32) … of respect for the great man.

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The name Rolls-Royce has been associated with high-quality cars for (A23) … a century. The first Rolls-Royce was produced in 1905, as the result of the (A24) … efforts of Charles Stewart Rolls and Frederick Henry Royce. Rolls, an upper-class Londoner who was (A25) … at Eton and Cambridge University, started a company in 1902 to sell motor-cars. Royce came from a working-class (A26) … . He began his apprenticeship in a railway workshop at the age of 14, but by the age of 21 he had (A27) … up his own engineering business. Royce designed several motor-cars, and his first experimental model appeared in 1903. (A28) … after that, Charles Rolls and Henry Royce met and formed the Rolls-Royce manufacturing firm in 1904. Royce designed the motor-cars and Rolls sold them. Rolls, who had (A29) … himself a reputation as a keen racing motorist, also had a (A30) … for flying. In 1910, at the age of only 33, he sadly met his death in a plane crash — in fact, he was the first Englishman to die in this way. Royce, however, continued work on their shared dream, and (A31) … to develop his first aero-engine in 1915. The Rolls-Royce Merlin aero-engine later powered British fighter aeroplanes in World War II. On Royce’s death in 1933, the famous Rolls-Royce monogram was changed from red to black as a (A32) … of respect for the great man.

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The name Rolls-Royce has been associated with high-quality cars for (A23) … a century. The first Rolls-Royce was produced in 1905, as the result of the (A24) … efforts of Charles Stewart Rolls and Frederick Henry Royce. Rolls, an upper-class Londoner who was (A25) … at Eton and Cambridge University, started a company in 1902 to sell motor-cars. Royce came from a working-class (A26) … . He began his apprenticeship in a railway workshop at the age of 14, but by the age of 21 he had (A27) … up his own engineering business. Royce designed several motor-cars, and his first experimental model appeared in 1903. (A28) … after that, Charles Rolls and Henry Royce met and formed the Rolls-Royce manufacturing firm in 1904. Royce designed the motor-cars and Rolls sold them. Rolls, who had (A29) … himself a reputation as a keen racing motorist, also had a (A30) … for flying. In 1910, at the age of only 33, he sadly met his death in a plane crash — in fact, he was the first Englishman to die in this way. Royce, however, continued work on their shared dream, and (A31) … to develop his first aero-engine in 1915. The Rolls-Royce Merlin aero-engine later powered British fighter aeroplanes in World War II. On Royce’s death in 1933, the famous Rolls-Royce monogram was changed from red to black as a (A32) … of respect for the great man.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

The name Rolls-Royce has been associated with high-quality cars for (A23) … a century. The first Rolls-Royce was produced in 1905, as the result of the (A24) … efforts of Charles Stewart Rolls and Frederick Henry Royce. Rolls, an upper-class Londoner who was (A25) … at Eton and Cambridge University, started a company in 1902 to sell motor-cars. Royce came from a working-class (A26) … . He began his apprenticeship in a railway workshop at the age of 14, but by the age of 21 he had (A27) … up his own engineering business. Royce designed several motor-cars, and his first experimental model appeared in 1903. (A28) … after that, Charles Rolls and Henry Royce met and formed the Rolls-Royce manufacturing firm in 1904. Royce designed the motor-cars and Rolls sold them. Rolls, who had (A29) … himself a reputation as a keen racing motorist, also had a (A30) … for flying. In 1910, at the age of only 33, he sadly met his death in a plane crash — in fact, he was the first Englishman to die in this way. Royce, however, continued work on their shared dream, and (A31) … to develop his first aero-engine in 1915. The Rolls-Royce Merlin aero-engine later powered British fighter aeroplanes in World War II. On Royce’s death in 1933, the famous Rolls-Royce monogram was changed from red to black as a (A32) … of respect for the great man.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

The name Rolls-Royce has been associated with high-quality cars for (A23) … a century. The first Rolls-Royce was produced in 1905, as the result of the (A24) … efforts of Charles Stewart Rolls and Frederick Henry Royce. Rolls, an upper-class Londoner who was (A25) … at Eton and Cambridge University, started a company in 1902 to sell motor-cars. Royce came from a working-class (A26) … . He began his apprenticeship in a railway workshop at the age of 14, but by the age of 21 he had (A27) … up his own engineering business. Royce designed several motor-cars, and his first experimental model appeared in 1903. (A28) … after that, Charles Rolls and Henry Royce met and formed the Rolls-Royce manufacturing firm in 1904. Royce designed the motor-cars and Rolls sold them. Rolls, who had (A29) … himself a reputation as a keen racing motorist, also had a (A30) … for flying. In 1910, at the age of only 33, he sadly met his death in a plane crash — in fact, he was the first Englishman to die in this way. Royce, however, continued work on their shared dream, and (A31) … to develop his first aero-engine in 1915. The Rolls-Royce Merlin aero-engine later powered British fighter aeroplanes in World War II. On Royce’s death in 1933, the famous Rolls-Royce monogram was changed from red to black as a (A32) … of respect for the great man.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

The name Rolls-Royce has been associated with high-quality cars for (A23) … a century. The first Rolls-Royce was produced in 1905, as the result of the (A24) … efforts of Charles Stewart Rolls and Frederick Henry Royce. Rolls, an upper-class Londoner who was (A25) … at Eton and Cambridge University, started a company in 1902 to sell motor-cars. Royce came from a working-class (A26) … . He began his apprenticeship in a railway workshop at the age of 14, but by the age of 21 he had (A27) … up his own engineering business. Royce designed several motor-cars, and his first experimental model appeared in 1903. (A28) … after that, Charles Rolls and Henry Royce met and formed the Rolls-Royce manufacturing firm in 1904. Royce designed the motor-cars and Rolls sold them. Rolls, who had (A29) … himself a reputation as a keen racing motorist, also had a (A30) … for flying. In 1910, at the age of only 33, he sadly met his death in a plane crash — in fact, he was the first Englishman to die in this way. Royce, however, continued work on their shared dream, and (A31) … to develop his first aero-engine in 1915. The Rolls-Royce Merlin aero-engine later powered British fighter aeroplanes in World War II. On Royce’s death in 1933, the famous Rolls-Royce monogram was changed from red to black as a (A32) … of respect for the great man.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

The name Rolls-Royce has been associated with high-quality cars for (A23) … a century. The first Rolls-Royce was produced in 1905, as the result of the (A24) … efforts of Charles Stewart Rolls and Frederick Henry Royce. Rolls, an upper-class Londoner who was (A25) … at Eton and Cambridge University, started a company in 1902 to sell motor-cars. Royce came from a working-class (A26) … . He began his apprenticeship in a railway workshop at the age of 14, but by the age of 21 he had (A27) … up his own engineering business. Royce designed several motor-cars, and his first experimental model appeared in 1903. (A28) … after that, Charles Rolls and Henry Royce met and formed the Rolls-Royce manufacturing firm in 1904. Royce designed the motor-cars and Rolls sold them. Rolls, who had (A29) … himself a reputation as a keen racing motorist, also had a (A30) … for flying. In 1910, at the age of only 33, he sadly met his death in a plane crash — in fact, he was the first Englishman to die in this way. Royce, however, continued work on their shared dream, and (A31) … to develop his first aero-engine in 1915. The Rolls-Royce Merlin aero-engine later powered British fighter aeroplanes in World War II. On Royce’s death in 1933, the famous Rolls-Royce monogram was changed from red to black as a (A32) … of respect for the great man.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

The name Rolls-Royce has been associated with high-quality cars for (A23) … a century. The first Rolls-Royce was produced in 1905, as the result of the (A24) … efforts of Charles Stewart Rolls and Frederick Henry Royce. Rolls, an upper-class Londoner who was (A25) … at Eton and Cambridge University, started a company in 1902 to sell motor-cars. Royce came from a working-class (A26) … . He began his apprenticeship in a railway workshop at the age of 14, but by the age of 21 he had (A27) … up his own engineering business. Royce designed several motor-cars, and his first experimental model appeared in 1903. (A28) … after that, Charles Rolls and Henry Royce met and formed the Rolls-Royce manufacturing firm in 1904. Royce designed the motor-cars and Rolls sold them. Rolls, who had (A29) … himself a reputation as a keen racing motorist, also had a (A30) … for flying. In 1910, at the age of only 33, he sadly met his death in a plane crash — in fact, he was the first Englishman to die in this way. Royce, however, continued work on their shared dream, and (A31) … to develop his first aero-engine in 1915. The Rolls-Royce Merlin aero-engine later powered British fighter aeroplanes in World War II. On Royce’s death in 1933, the famous Rolls-Royce monogram was changed from red to black as a (A32) … of respect for the great man.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

The name Rolls-Royce has been associated with high-quality cars for (A23) … a century. The first Rolls-Royce was produced in 1905, as the result of the (A24) … efforts of Charles Stewart Rolls and Frederick Henry Royce. Rolls, an upper-class Londoner who was (A25) … at Eton and Cambridge University, started a company in 1902 to sell motor-cars. Royce came from a working-class (A26) … . He began his apprenticeship in a railway workshop at the age of 14, but by the age of 21 he had (A27) … up his own engineering business. Royce designed several motor-cars, and his first experimental model appeared in 1903. (A28) … after that, Charles Rolls and Henry Royce met and formed the Rolls-Royce manufacturing firm in 1904. Royce designed the motor-cars and Rolls sold them. Rolls, who had (A29) … himself a reputation as a keen racing motorist, also had a (A30) … for flying. In 1910, at the age of only 33, he sadly met his death in a plane crash — in fact, he was the first Englishman to die in this way. Royce, however, continued work on their shared dream, and (A31) … to develop his first aero-engine in 1915. The Rolls-Royce Merlin aero-engine later powered British fighter aeroplanes in World War II. On Royce’s death in 1933, the famous Rolls-Royce monogram was changed from red to black as a (A32) … of respect for the great man.

Прочитайте диалог. Ответьте на вопрос, следующий после диалога, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Woman: Did you feel good all the way around?

Man: I ran to the front and tried to stay there. It was only in the last 100 metres that Steve Honeywell got past me.

What does the man mean?

Выберите реплику-­стимул, подходящую по смыслу к предложенной ответной реплике.

I think the best way is to take the Piccadilly Line to Green Park, and then change to the Victoria Line.

Установите соответствие между репликами-стимулами 1—4 и ответными репликами A—E. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Одна ответная реплика (A—E) является лишней.

1. Let’s meet at the theatre.
2. I am sure she’ll make a good career.
3. Let’s do it next time.
4. Do you mind if we stay for another week?

A. Never mind.
B. That’s not a very good idea.
C. I don’t mind it at all.
D. I suppose so.
E. OK. What time?

Расположите реплики так, чтобы получился связный диалог. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

A. We were so used to the old system.
B. Yes, old habits die hard, as they say!
C. It was difficult, at first, to change to a completely different way of doing things.
D. Mmmm … chemical pesticides were certainly very fast and effective! Still, we feel a lot better …
E. And there’s no doubt that it’s more difficult now.
F. We know, and our customers know, that everything we produce is done in a natural way, out of respect for the environment.

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопрос. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. I chose a small house on the edge of the city. It was an ideal place for me, because I wanted fresh mountain air, space, privacy, a place where I could feel the presence of ancient gods and the spirits of nature. The house was merely an empty shell, but I chose it because it was on the sunny side of the valley, high enough to have a good view over the town, with enough of a breeze to reduce the occasionally stupefying heat. It took me a good year to make the place inhabitable.

§ 2. The first thing that I did was to dig out the well at the side of the house, which had caved in on itself and was full of mud and rocks. I was helped by a Frenchman named Antoine, a cultured man who had chosen to live here because he liked the people he had met when he had just arrived. We repaired the walls and the roof of the house, and painted the rooms completely white so that they suddenly became clean, bright and spacious.

§ 3. Even though it was a little dangerous, Antoine and I managed to install electricity by connecting up a cable to the basic system invented by a teacher. Professor Luis, had set up a row of windmills to generate power that was perfectly adequate for lighting but it was rather feeble when it came to heavier usage. As a result, the electric cooker that I had flown in by helicopter turned out to be more use as a storage cupboard.

§ 4. I soon found that when setting up a house that I would, quite suddenly, have an urgent need for some item overlooked during the last expedition. The track down from my house was deeply pitted and turned into a watercourse each time it rained and it was at first only usable on foot or by mule, or by Antoine’s ancient three-wheeled tractor.

§ 5. At the far end of the town, there was a tienda that sold goods brought in by mule-train from Ipasueno, and so every few days I would rattle and bump my way to it on Antoine’s formidable old tractor. This shop was owned by a middle-aged couple who left their daughter to run it. She was a girl of around twenty whose name was Ena, as I discovered by overhearing her father ask her about the price of a bottle of Ron Cana.

What attracted the writer to the house is

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопрос. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. I chose a small house on the edge of the city. It was an ideal place for me, because I wanted fresh mountain air, space, privacy, a place where I could feel the presence of ancient gods and the spirits of nature. The house was merely an empty shell, but I chose it because it was on the sunny side of the valley, high enough to have a good view over the town, with enough of a breeze to reduce the occasionally stupefying heat. It took me a good year to make the place inhabitable.

§ 2. The first thing that I did was to dig out the well at the side of the house, which had caved in on itself and was full of mud and rocks. I was helped by a Frenchman named Antoine, a cultured man who had chosen to live here because he liked the people he had met when he had just arrived. We repaired the walls and the roof of the house, and painted the rooms completely white so that they suddenly became clean, bright and spacious.

§ 3. Even though it was a little dangerous, Antoine and I managed to install electricity by connecting up a cable to the basic system invented by a teacher. Professor Luis, had set up a row of windmills to generate power that was perfectly adequate for lighting but it was rather feeble when it came to heavier usage. As a result, the electric cooker that I had flown in by helicopter turned out to be more use as a storage cupboard.

§ 4. I soon found that when setting up a house that I would, quite suddenly, have an urgent need for some item overlooked during the last expedition. The track down from my house was deeply pitted and turned into a watercourse each time it rained and it was at first only usable on foot or by mule, or by Antoine’s ancient three-wheeled tractor.

§ 5. At the far end of the town, there was a tienda that sold goods brought in by mule-train from Ipasueno, and so every few days I would rattle and bump my way to it on Antoine’s formidable old tractor. This shop was owned by a middle-aged couple who left their daughter to run it. She was a girl of around twenty whose name was Ena, as I discovered by overhearing her father ask her about the price of a bottle of Ron Cana.

According to the writer, Antoine 

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопрос. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. I chose a small house on the edge of the city. It was an ideal place for me, because I wanted fresh mountain air, space, privacy, a place where I could feel the presence of ancient gods and the spirits of nature. The house was merely an empty shell, but I chose it because it was on the sunny side of the valley, high enough to have a good view over the town, with enough of a breeze to reduce the occasionally stupefying heat. It took me a good year to make the place inhabitable.

§ 2. The first thing that I did was to dig out the well at the side of the house, which had caved in on itself and was full of mud and rocks. I was helped by a Frenchman named Antoine, a cultured man who had chosen to live here because he liked the people he had met when he had just arrived. We repaired the walls and the roof of the house, and painted the rooms completely white so that they suddenly became clean, bright and spacious.

§ 3. Even though it was a little dangerous, Antoine and I managed to install electricity by connecting up a cable to the basic system invented by a teacher. Professor Luis, had set up a row of windmills to generate power that was perfectly adequate for lighting but it was rather feeble when it came to heavier usage. As a result, the electric cooker that I had flown in by helicopter turned out to be more use as a storage cupboard.

§ 4. I soon found that when setting up a house that I would, quite suddenly, have an urgent need for some item overlooked during the last expedition. The track down from my house was deeply pitted and turned into a watercourse each time it rained and it was at first only usable on foot or by mule, or by Antoine’s ancient three-wheeled tractor.

§ 5. At the far end of the town, there was a tienda that sold goods brought in by mule-train from Ipasueno, and so every few days I would rattle and bump my way to it on Antoine’s formidable old tractor. This shop was owned by a middle-aged couple who left their daughter to run it. She was a girl of around twenty whose name was Ena, as I discovered by overhearing her father ask her about the price of a bottle of Ron Cana.

What impression does the writer give of the electricity supply?

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопрос. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. I chose a small house on the edge of the city. It was an ideal place for me, because I wanted fresh mountain air, space, privacy, a place where I could feel the presence of ancient gods and the spirits of nature. The house was merely an empty shell, but I chose it because it was on the sunny side of the valley, high enough to have a good view over the town, with enough of a breeze to reduce the occasionally stupefying heat. It took me a good year to make the place inhabitable.

§ 2. The first thing that I did was to dig out the well at the side of the house, which had caved in on itself and was full of mud and rocks. I was helped by a Frenchman named Antoine, a cultured man who had chosen to live here because he liked the people he had met when he had just arrived. We repaired the walls and the roof of the house, and painted the rooms completely white so that they suddenly became clean, bright and spacious.

§ 3. Even though it was a little dangerous, Antoine and I managed to install electricity by connecting up a cable to the basic system invented by a teacher. Professor Luis, had set up a row of windmills to generate power that was perfectly adequate for lighting but it was rather feeble when it came to heavier usage. As a result, the electric cooker that I had flown in by helicopter turned out to be more use as a storage cupboard.

§ 4. I soon found that when setting up a house that I would, quite suddenly, have an urgent need for some item overlooked during the last expedition. The track down from my house was deeply pitted and turned into a watercourse each time it rained and it was at first only usable on foot or by mule, or by Antoine’s ancient three-wheeled tractor.

§ 5. At the far end of the town, there was a tienda that sold goods brought in by mule-train from Ipasueno, and so every few days I would rattle and bump my way to it on Antoine’s formidable old tractor. This shop was owned by a middle-aged couple who left their daughter to run it. She was a girl of around twenty whose name was Ena, as I discovered by overhearing her father ask her about the price of a bottle of Ron Cana.

In paragraph four, the writer uses the phrase ‘turned into a water­course’ to show that the path 

Прочитайте текст. Определите значение слова cultured (§ 2) в тексте. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. I chose a small house on the edge of the city. It was an ideal place for me, because I wanted fresh mountain air, space, privacy, a place where I could feel the presence of ancient gods and the spirits of nature. The house was merely an empty shell, but I chose it because it was on the sunny side of the valley, high enough to have a good view over the town, with enough of a breeze to reduce the occasionally stupefying heat. It took me a good year to make the place inhabitable.

§ 2. The first thing that I did was to dig out the well at the side of the house, which had caved in on itself and was full of mud and rocks. I was helped by a Frenchman named Antoine, a cultured man who had chosen to live here because he liked the people he had met when he had just arrived. We repaired the walls and the roof of the house, and painted the rooms completely white so that they suddenly became clean, bright and spacious.

§ 3. Even though it was a little dangerous, Antoine and I managed to install electricity by connecting up a cable to the basic system invented by a teacher. Professor Luis, had set up a row of windmills to generate power that was perfectly adequate for lighting but it was rather feeble when it came to heavier usage. As a result, the electric cooker that I had flown in by helicopter turned out to be more use as a storage cupboard.

§ 4. I soon found that when setting up a house that I would, quite suddenly, have an urgent need for some item overlooked during the last expedition. The track down from my house was deeply pitted and turned into a watercourse each time it rained and it was at first only usable on foot or by mule, or by Antoine’s ancient three-wheeled tractor.

§ 5. At the far end of the town, there was a tienda that sold goods brought in by mule-train from Ipasueno, and so every few days I would rattle and bump my way to it on Antoine’s formidable old tractor. This shop was owned by a middle-aged couple who left their daughter to run it. She was a girl of around twenty whose name was Ena, as I discovered by overhearing her father ask her about the price of a bottle of Ron Cana.

Прочитайте текст. Определите значение слова adequate (§ 3) в тексте. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. I chose a small house on the edge of the city. It was an ideal place for me, because I wanted fresh mountain air, space, privacy, a place where I could feel the presence of ancient gods and the spirits of nature. The house was merely an empty shell, but I chose it because it was on the sunny side of the valley, high enough to have a good view over the town, with enough of a breeze to reduce the occasionally stupefying heat. It took me a good year to make the place inhabitable.

§ 2. The first thing that I did was to dig out the well at the side of the house, which had caved in on itself and was full of mud and rocks. I was helped by a Frenchman named Antoine, a cultured man who had chosen to live here because he liked the people he had met when he had just arrived. We repaired the walls and the roof of the house, and painted the rooms completely white so that they suddenly became clean, bright and spacious.

§ 3. Even though it was a little dangerous, Antoine and I managed to install electricity by connecting up a cable to the basic system invented by a teacher. Professor Luis, had set up a row of windmills to generate power that was perfectly adequate for lighting but it was rather feeble when it came to heavier usage. As a result, the electric cooker that I had flown in by helicopter turned out to be more use as a storage cupboard.

§ 4. I soon found that when setting up a house that I would, quite suddenly, have an urgent need for some item overlooked during the last expedition. The track down from my house was deeply pitted and turned into a watercourse each time it rained and it was at first only usable on foot or by mule, or by Antoine’s ancient three-wheeled tractor.

§ 5. At the far end of the town, there was a tienda that sold goods brought in by mule-train from Ipasueno, and so every few days I would rattle and bump my way to it on Antoine’s formidable old tractor. This shop was owned by a middle-aged couple who left their daughter to run it. She was a girl of around twenty whose name was Ena, as I discovered by overhearing her father ask her about the price of a bottle of Ron Cana.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A43 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним.

A few years ago, a company called Space Marketing came up with a plan to send a mile-long advertisement into space. Using light reflected from the Sun, it would beam out a message as large as the moon that could be seen by every single person on the planet as it orbited the Earth.

Needless to say, this would have been one advert that couldn’t have been thrown out with the junk mail or switched off by remote control. (A43) ____ Advertising standards agencies eventually decided not to allow Space Marketing to go ahead with their plans and they were forced to abandon them, but not before several major companies had made serious enquiries about launching their logos into space.

Space may indeed be the final frontier for advertisers, because on Earth we are already surrounded by advertising wherever we are and whatever we are doing. (A44) ____ There are the promises of health and vitality on the cereal packet we ate from this morning, for example, and the ad that we saw on the side of the bus we caught to work. And what about the logos we see on the clothing of the people we walk past in the streets?

Most of the time, we are probably not even aware of these less obvious advertising tactics, but that doesn’t mean that they aren’t effective. (A45) ____ You are in a packed cinema, watching the latest Hollywood blockbuster. There are adverts before the film, there may even be adverts during a break in the film, but are there any during the film? Well, look carefully at the make of car your favourite actor is driving. And what about his watch? Can you see what brand it is? Chances are, you can, and the company that owns the brand is likely to have paid thousands for it to appear in the film.

Whilst products are most often ‘placed’ in this way in movies and TV series, they also sometimes appear in music videos, video games, plays and even books.

(A46) ____ You may not realise you are being influenced by a technique that sounds so simple, but advertisers consider product placement to be a highly effective form of advertising. After all, they would not be willing to spend as much money on it as they do if they didn’t truly believe it worked.

In fact, associating products with cool, exciting lives seems to be one of the most common forms of advertising. Some advertising companies even employ ‘cool hunters’ or marketing professionals to find out what exactly young people find cool.

And let’s not forget the power of pure entertainment! (A47) ____ If the consumers are looking forward to the next ‘episode’ of an ad, once again the product has become associated with something ‘cool’ and is therefore likely to see a considerable rise in popularity.

So, the question whether Space Marketing eventually succeeds in launching ads into space or not is perhaps less important than it might seem. (A48) ____ Our everyday lives are already strongly influenced by advertising, no matter we realise it or not.

1) Apart from the obvious adverts that we see every day on TV, on billboards and in newspapers and magazines, there is a whole ‘other world’ of advertising messages fighting for our attention.

2) Take ‘product placement’, for example.

3) However, this is a truly inescapable form of advertising.

4) To advertising executives and agencies, it would have been ‘a dream come true’.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A44 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним.

A few years ago, a company called Space Marketing came up with a plan to send a mile-long advertisement into space. Using light reflected from the Sun, it would beam out a message as large as the moon that could be seen by every single person on the planet as it orbited the Earth.

Needless to say, this would have been one advert that couldn’t have been thrown out with the junk mail or switched off by remote control. (A43) ____ Advertising standards agencies eventually decided not to allow Space Marketing to go ahead with their plans and they were forced to abandon them, but not before several major companies had made serious enquiries about launching their logos into space.

Space may indeed be the final frontier for advertisers, because on Earth we are already surrounded by advertising wherever we are and whatever we are doing. (A44) ____ There are the promises of health and vitality on the cereal packet we ate from this morning, for example, and the ad that we saw on the side of the bus we caught to work. And what about the logos we see on the clothing of the people we walk past in the streets?

Most of the time, we are probably not even aware of these less obvious advertising tactics, but that doesn’t mean that they aren’t effective. (A45) ____ You are in a packed cinema, watching the latest Hollywood blockbuster. There are adverts before the film, there may even be adverts during a break in the film, but are there any during the film? Well, look carefully at the make of car your favourite actor is driving. And what about his watch? Can you see what brand it is? Chances are, you can, and the company that owns the brand is likely to have paid thousands for it to appear in the film.

Whilst products are most often ‘placed’ in this way in movies and TV series, they also sometimes appear in music videos, video games, plays and even books.

(A46) ____ You may not realise you are being influenced by a technique that sounds so simple, but advertisers consider product placement to be a highly effective form of advertising. After all, they would not be willing to spend as much money on it as they do if they didn’t truly believe it worked.

In fact, associating products with cool, exciting lives seems to be one of the most common forms of advertising. Some advertising companies even employ ‘cool hunters’ or marketing professionals to find out what exactly young people find cool.

And let’s not forget the power of pure entertainment! (A47) ____ If the consumers are looking forward to the next ‘episode’ of an ad, once again the product has become associated with something ‘cool’ and is therefore likely to see a considerable rise in popularity.

So, the question whether Space Marketing eventually succeeds in launching ads into space or not is perhaps less important than it might seem. (A48) ____ Our everyday lives are already strongly influenced by advertising, no matter we realise it or not.

1) Apart from the obvious adverts that we see every day on TV, on billboards and in newspapers and magazines, there is a whole ‘other world’ of advertising messages fighting for our attention.

2) Take ‘product placement’, for example.

3) However, this is a truly inescapable form of advertising.

4) To advertising executives and agencies, it would have been ‘a dream come true’.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A45 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним.

A few years ago, a company called Space Marketing came up with a plan to send a mile-long advertisement into space. Using light reflected from the Sun, it would beam out a message as large as the moon that could be seen by every single person on the planet as it orbited the Earth.

Needless to say, this would have been one advert that couldn’t have been thrown out with the junk mail or switched off by remote control. (A43) ____ Advertising standards agencies eventually decided not to allow Space Marketing to go ahead with their plans and they were forced to abandon them, but not before several major companies had made serious enquiries about launching their logos into space.

Space may indeed be the final frontier for advertisers, because on Earth we are already surrounded by advertising wherever we are and whatever we are doing. (A44) ____ There are the promises of health and vitality on the cereal packet we ate from this morning, for example, and the ad that we saw on the side of the bus we caught to work. And what about the logos we see on the clothing of the people we walk past in the streets?

Most of the time, we are probably not even aware of these less obvious advertising tactics, but that doesn’t mean that they aren’t effective. (A45) ____ You are in a packed cinema, watching the latest Hollywood blockbuster. There are adverts before the film, there may even be adverts during a break in the film, but are there any during the film? Well, look carefully at the make of car your favourite actor is driving. And what about his watch? Can you see what brand it is? Chances are, you can, and the company that owns the brand is likely to have paid thousands for it to appear in the film.

Whilst products are most often ‘placed’ in this way in movies and TV series, they also sometimes appear in music videos, video games, plays and even books.

(A46) ____ You may not realise you are being influenced by a technique that sounds so simple, but advertisers consider product placement to be a highly effective form of advertising. After all, they would not be willing to spend as much money on it as they do if they didn’t truly believe it worked.

In fact, associating products with cool, exciting lives seems to be one of the most common forms of advertising. Some advertising companies even employ ‘cool hunters’ or marketing professionals to find out what exactly young people find cool.

And let’s not forget the power of pure entertainment! (A47) ____ If the consumers are looking forward to the next ‘episode’ of an ad, once again the product has become associated with something ‘cool’ and is therefore likely to see a considerable rise in popularity.

So, the question whether Space Marketing eventually succeeds in launching ads into space or not is perhaps less important than it might seem. (A48) ____ Our everyday lives are already strongly influenced by advertising, no matter we realise it or not.

1) Apart from the obvious adverts that we see every day on TV, on billboards and in newspapers and magazines, there is a whole ‘other world’ of advertising messages fighting for our attention.

2) Take ‘product placement’, for example.

3) However, this is a truly inescapable form of advertising.

4) To advertising executives and agencies, it would have been ‘a dream come true’.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A46 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним.

A few years ago, a company called Space Marketing came up with a plan to send a mile-long advertisement into space. Using light reflected from the Sun, it would beam out a message as large as the moon that could be seen by every single person on the planet as it orbited the Earth.

Needless to say, this would have been one advert that couldn’t have been thrown out with the junk mail or switched off by remote control. (A43) ____ Advertising standards agencies eventually decided not to allow Space Marketing to go ahead with their plans and they were forced to abandon them, but not before several major companies had made serious enquiries about launching their logos into space.

Space may indeed be the final frontier for advertisers, because on Earth we are already surrounded by advertising wherever we are and whatever we are doing. (A44) ____ There are the promises of health and vitality on the cereal packet we ate from this morning, for example, and the ad that we saw on the side of the bus we caught to work. And what about the logos we see on the clothing of the people we walk past in the streets?

Most of the time, we are probably not even aware of these less obvious advertising tactics, but that doesn’t mean that they aren’t effective. (A45) ____ You are in a packed cinema, watching the latest Hollywood blockbuster. There are adverts before the film, there may even be adverts during a break in the film, but are there any during the film? Well, look carefully at the make of car your favourite actor is driving. And what about his watch? Can you see what brand it is? Chances are, you can, and the company that owns the brand is likely to have paid thousands for it to appear in the film.

Whilst products are most often ‘placed’ in this way in movies and TV series, they also sometimes appear in music videos, video games, plays and even books.

(A46) ____ You may not realise you are being influenced by a technique that sounds so simple, but advertisers consider product placement to be a highly effective form of advertising. After all, they would not be willing to spend as much money on it as they do if they didn’t truly believe it worked.

In fact, associating products with cool, exciting lives seems to be one of the most common forms of advertising. Some advertising companies even employ ‘cool hunters’ or marketing professionals to find out what exactly young people find cool.

And let’s not forget the power of pure entertainment! (A47) ____ If the consumers are looking forward to the next ‘episode’ of an ad, once again the product has become associated with something ‘cool’ and is therefore likely to see a considerable rise in popularity.

So, the question whether Space Marketing eventually succeeds in launching ads into space or not is perhaps less important than it might seem. (A48) ____ Our everyday lives are already strongly influenced by advertising, no matter we realise it or not.

1) Even though most of the time when we think about ‘goals’ we think of sales, the truth is that there are many other advertising elements to focus on.

2) To a certain extent, this would not change a thing.

3) The hope is to get people to believe that if they can have the products, then they can have the cool, happy lifestyles of their heroes, too.

4) Nowadays, many TV adverts have become more like soap operas with a series of humorous adventures complete with their own cast.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A47 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним.

A few years ago, a company called Space Marketing came up with a plan to send a mile-long advertisement into space. Using light reflected from the Sun, it would beam out a message as large as the moon that could be seen by every single person on the planet as it orbited the Earth.

Needless to say, this would have been one advert that couldn’t have been thrown out with the junk mail or switched off by remote control. (A43) ____ Advertising standards agencies eventually decided not to allow Space Marketing to go ahead with their plans and they were forced to abandon them, but not before several major companies had made serious enquiries about launching their logos into space.

Space may indeed be the final frontier for advertisers, because on Earth we are already surrounded by advertising wherever we are and whatever we are doing. (A44) ____ There are the promises of health and vitality on the cereal packet we ate from this morning, for example, and the ad that we saw on the side of the bus we caught to work. And what about the logos we see on the clothing of the people we walk past in the streets?

Most of the time, we are probably not even aware of these less obvious advertising tactics, but that doesn’t mean that they aren’t effective. (A45) ____ You are in a packed cinema, watching the latest Hollywood blockbuster. There are adverts before the film, there may even be adverts during a break in the film, but are there any during the film? Well, look carefully at the make of car your favourite actor is driving. And what about his watch? Can you see what brand it is? Chances are, you can, and the company that owns the brand is likely to have paid thousands for it to appear in the film.

Whilst products are most often ‘placed’ in this way in movies and TV series, they also sometimes appear in music videos, video games, plays and even books.

(A46) ____ You may not realise you are being influenced by a technique that sounds so simple, but advertisers consider product placement to be a highly effective form of advertising. After all, they would not be willing to spend as much money on it as they do if they didn’t truly believe it worked.

In fact, associating products with cool, exciting lives seems to be one of the most common forms of advertising. Some advertising companies even employ ‘cool hunters’ or marketing professionals to find out what exactly young people find cool.

And let’s not forget the power of pure entertainment! (A47) ____ If the consumers are looking forward to the next ‘episode’ of an ad, once again the product has become associated with something ‘cool’ and is therefore likely to see a considerable rise in popularity.

So, the question whether Space Marketing eventually succeeds in launching ads into space or not is perhaps less important than it might seem. (A48) ____ Our everyday lives are already strongly influenced by advertising, no matter we realise it or not.

1) Even though most of the time when we think about ‘goals’ we think of sales, the truth is that there are many other advertising elements to focus on.

2) To a certain extent, this would not change a thing.

3) The hope is to get people to believe that if they can have the products, then they can have the cool, happy lifestyles of their heroes, too.

4) Nowadays, many TV adverts have become more like soap operas with a series of humorous adventures complete with their own cast.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A48 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним.

A few years ago, a company called Space Marketing came up with a plan to send a mile-long advertisement into space. Using light reflected from the Sun, it would beam out a message as large as the moon that could be seen by every single person on the planet as it orbited the Earth.

Needless to say, this would have been one advert that couldn’t have been thrown out with the junk mail or switched off by remote control. (A43) ____ Advertising standards agencies eventually decided not to allow Space Marketing to go ahead with their plans and they were forced to abandon them, but not before several major companies had made serious enquiries about launching their logos into space.

Space may indeed be the final frontier for advertisers, because on Earth we are already surrounded by advertising wherever we are and whatever we are doing. (A44) ____ There are the promises of health and vitality on the cereal packet we ate from this morning, for example, and the ad that we saw on the side of the bus we caught to work. And what about the logos we see on the clothing of the people we walk past in the streets?

Most of the time, we are probably not even aware of these less obvious advertising tactics, but that doesn’t mean that they aren’t effective. (A45) ____ You are in a packed cinema, watching the latest Hollywood blockbuster. There are adverts before the film, there may even be adverts during a break in the film, but are there any during the film? Well, look carefully at the make of car your favourite actor is driving. And what about his watch? Can you see what brand it is? Chances are, you can, and the company that owns the brand is likely to have paid thousands for it to appear in the film.

Whilst products are most often ‘placed’ in this way in movies and TV series, they also sometimes appear in music videos, video games, plays and even books.

(A46) ____ You may not realise you are being influenced by a technique that sounds so simple, but advertisers consider product placement to be a highly effective form of advertising. After all, they would not be willing to spend as much money on it as they do if they didn’t truly believe it worked.

In fact, associating products with cool, exciting lives seems to be one of the most common forms of advertising. Some advertising companies even employ ‘cool hunters’ or marketing professionals to find out what exactly young people find cool.

And let’s not forget the power of pure entertainment! (A47) ____ If the consumers are looking forward to the next ‘episode’ of an ad, once again the product has become associated with something ‘cool’ and is therefore likely to see a considerable rise in popularity.

So, the question whether Space Marketing eventually succeeds in launching ads into space or not is perhaps less important than it might seem. (A48) ____ Our everyday lives are already strongly influenced by advertising, no matter we realise it or not.

1) Even though most of the time when we think about ‘goals’ we think of sales, the truth is that there are many other advertising elements to focus on.

2) To a certain extent, this would not change a thing.

3) The hope is to get people to believe that if they can have the products, then they can have the cool, happy lifestyles of their heroes, too.

4) Nowadays, many TV adverts have become more like soap operas with a series of humorous adventures complete with their own cast.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее слово из предложенных и запишите его в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить.

PRODUCE, JAPAN, TECHNOLOGY, EXPERIMENT

At a recent (B1) … auto show, several (B2) … cars were displayed. They are designed to be smaller, lighter and to be powered by new, (B3) … advanced engines. Few of these cars will go into (B4) … since they are only concept cars.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее слово из предложенных и запишите его в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить.

PRODUCE, JAPAN, TECHNOLOGY, EXPERIMENT

At a recent (B1) … auto show, several (B2) … cars were displayed. They are designed to be smaller, lighter and to be powered by new, (B3) … advanced engines. Few of these cars will go into (B4) … since they are only concept cars.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее слово из предложенных и запишите его в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить.

PRODUCE, JAPAN, TECHNOLOGY, EXPERIMENT

At a recent (B1) … auto show, several (B2) … cars were displayed. They are designed to be smaller, lighter and to be powered by new, (B3) … advanced engines. Few of these cars will go into (B4) … since they are only concept cars.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее слово из предложенных и запишите его в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить.

PRODUCE, JAPAN, TECHNOLOGY, EXPERIMENT

At a recent (B1) … auto show, several (B2) … cars were displayed. They are designed to be smaller, lighter and to be powered by new, (B3) … advanced engines. Few of these cars will go into (B4) … since they are only concept cars.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните каждый из пропусков только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.

The summer season makes (B5) … of us feel good, and scientists believe that they (B6) … discovered the reason for this. “Bright light makes you feel more awake and helps you sleep better,” says Dr Arendt, from the University of Surrey, (B7) … is studying the effect of light (B8) … the human body.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните каждый из пропусков только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.

The summer season makes (B5) … of us feel good, and scientists believe that they (B6) … discovered the reason for this. “Bright light makes you feel more awake and helps you sleep better,” says Dr Arendt, from the University of Surrey, (B7) … is studying the effect of light (B8) … the human body.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните каждый из пропусков только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.

The summer season makes (B5) … of us feel good, and scientists believe that they (B6) … discovered the reason for this. “Bright light makes you feel more awake and helps you sleep better,” says Dr Arendt, from the University of Surrey, (B7) … is studying the effect of light (B8) … the human body.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните каждый из пропусков только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.

The summer season makes (B5) … of us feel good, and scientists believe that they (B6) … discovered the reason for this. “Bright light makes you feel more awake and helps you sleep better,” says Dr Arendt, from the University of Surrey, (B7) … is studying the effect of light (B8) … the human body.

Прочитайте текст. Найдите два лишних слова в тексте.

Toys are tools that they help children to play and enjoy that vital activity. Games are the means of by which children learn about the world and how to use their bodies.

Прочитайте текст. Найдите два лишних слова в тексте.

Toys also help children develop the ability to use up their imagination. It is not always the most expensive toy that they find most fascinating. The most best toys for young children include jigsaws and pull-along toys on a string.

Переведите на английский язык фрагмент предложения, данный в скобках.

She can’t (привыкнуть) her new school.

Переведите на английский язык фрагмент предложения, данный в скобках.

He used to be your best friend, (не так ли)?