Ученье свет, а неученье – тьма. Дело мастера боится.

А. Суворов

Вариант 1

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Louis Armstrong, who was born in 1900 and died in 1971, was a very famous jazz musician and bandleader. He used to be known as ‘Satchmo’, and this nickname (A1) … with him all his life. As a child in New Orleans, he learned to play the trumpet while he (A2) … in a special home for children who (A3) … into trouble with the police. When he (A4) … his stay in the home, he joined various bands and then he formed his own. Between 1925 and 1928 he made about sixty records as the leader of two small groups called the Hot Fives and the Hot Sevens. These records made him one of the first solo stars in the history of popular music. When he died, he (A5) … records and he (A6) … all over the world for more than forty years, and he was just as popular as he (A7) … before. He even had a number one pop record — What A Wonderful World — in the 1960s.

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Louis Armstrong, who was born in 1900 and died in 1971, was a very famous jazz musician and bandleader. He used to be known as ‘Satchmo’, and this nickname (A1) … with him all his life. As a child in New Orleans, he learned to play the trumpet while he (A2) … in a special home for children who (A3) … into trouble with the police. When he (A4) … his stay in the home, he joined various bands and then he formed his own. Between 1925 and 1928 he made about sixty records as the leader of two small groups called the Hot Fives and the Hot Sevens. These records made him one of the first solo stars in the history of popular music. When he died, he (A5) … records and he (A6) … all over the world for more than forty years, and he was just as popular as he (A7) … before. He even had a number one pop record — What A Wonderful World — in the 1960s.

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Louis Armstrong, who was born in 1900 and died in 1971, was a very famous jazz musician and bandleader. He used to be known as ‘Satchmo’, and this nickname (A1) … with him all his life. As a child in New Orleans, he learned to play the trumpet while he (A2) … in a special home for children who (A3) … into trouble with the police. When he (A4) … his stay in the home, he joined various bands and then he formed his own. Between 1925 and 1928 he made about sixty records as the leader of two small groups called the Hot Fives and the Hot Sevens. These records made him one of the first solo stars in the history of popular music. When he died, he (A5) … records and he (A6) … all over the world for more than forty years, and he was just as popular as he (A7) … before. He even had a number one pop record — What A Wonderful World — in the 1960s.

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Louis Armstrong, who was born in 1900 and died in 1971, was a very famous jazz musician and bandleader. He used to be known as ‘Satchmo’, and this nickname (A1) … with him all his life. As a child in New Orleans, he learned to play the trumpet while he (A2) … in a special home for children who (A3) … into trouble with the police. When he (A4) … his stay in the home, he joined various bands and then he formed his own. Between 1925 and 1928 he made about sixty records as the leader of two small groups called the Hot Fives and the Hot Sevens. These records made him one of the first solo stars in the history of popular music. When he died, he (A5) … records and he (A6) … all over the world for more than forty years, and he was just as popular as he (A7) … before. He even had a number one pop record — What A Wonderful World — in the 1960s.

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Louis Armstrong, who was born in 1900 and died in 1971, was a very famous jazz musician and bandleader. He used to be known as ‘Satchmo’, and this nickname (A1) … with him all his life. As a child in New Orleans, he learned to play the trumpet while he (A2) … in a special home for children who (A3) … into trouble with the police. When he (A4) … his stay in the home, he joined various bands and then he formed his own. Between 1925 and 1928 he made about sixty records as the leader of two small groups called the Hot Fives and the Hot Sevens. These records made him one of the first solo stars in the history of popular music. When he died, he (A5) … records and he (A6) … all over the world for more than forty years, and he was just as popular as he (A7) … before. He even had a number one pop record — What A Wonderful World — in the 1960s.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Louis Armstrong, who was born in 1900 and died in 1971, was a very famous jazz musician and bandleader. He used to be known as ‘Satchmo’, and this nickname (A1) … with him all his life. As a child in New Orleans, he learned to play the trumpet while he (A2) … in a special home for children who (A3) … into trouble with the police. When he (A4) … his stay in the home, he joined various bands and then he formed his own. Between 1925 and 1928 he made about sixty records as the leader of two small groups called the Hot Fives and the Hot Sevens. These records made him one of the first solo stars in the history of popular music. When he died, he (A5) … records and he (A6) … all over the world for more than forty years, and he was just as popular as he (A7) … before. He even had a number one pop record — What A Wonderful World — in the 1960s.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Louis Armstrong, who was born in 1900 and died in 1971, was a very famous jazz musician and bandleader. He used to be known as ‘Satchmo’, and this nickname (A1) … with him all his life. As a child in New Orleans, he learned to play the trumpet while he (A2) … in a special home for children who (A3) … into trouble with the police. When he (A4) … his stay in the home, he joined various bands and then he formed his own. Between 1925 and 1928 he made about sixty records as the leader of two small groups called the Hot Fives and the Hot Sevens. These records made him one of the first solo stars in the history of popular music. When he died, he (A5) … records and he (A6) … all over the world for more than forty years, and he was just as popular as he (A7) … before. He even had a number one pop record — What A Wonderful World — in the 1960s.

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Many of the world’s languages are vanishing (A8) … an alarming rate (A9) … political or economic reasons. It is estimated that half of all known languages may die by 2100. The disappearance of some elements of a language is a natural result of (A10) … passage of (A11) … time, but now that we all live in a global village, this process is speeding up. Sometimes local languages co-­exist with the dominant language, but they are eventually replaced as older speakers die. Although interest (A12) … language preservation is (A13) … the rise, many people have an equally strong intention of stamping out (A14) … minority languages. It is essential, therefore, for language communities, language professionals and governments to work together to try to stop them (A15) … doing this.

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Many of the world’s languages are vanishing (A8) … an alarming rate (A9) … political or economic reasons. It is estimated that half of all known languages may die by 2100. The disappearance of some elements of a language is a natural result of (A10) … passage of (A11) … time, but now that we all live in a global village, this process is speeding up. Sometimes local languages co-­exist with the dominant language, but they are eventually replaced as older speakers die. Although interest (A12) … language preservation is (A13) … the rise, many people have an equally strong intention of stamping out (A14) … minority languages. It is essential, therefore, for language communities, language professionals and governments to work together to try to stop them (A15) … doing this.

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Many of the world’s languages are vanishing (A8) … an alarming rate (A9) … political or economic reasons. It is estimated that half of all known languages may die by 2100. The disappearance of some elements of a language is a natural result of (A10) … passage of (A11) … time, but now that we all live in a global village, this process is speeding up. Sometimes local languages co-­exist with the dominant language, but they are eventually replaced as older speakers die. Although interest (A12) … language preservation is (A13) … the rise, many people have an equally strong intention of stamping out (A14) … minority languages. It is essential, therefore, for language communities, language professionals and governments to work together to try to stop them (A15) … doing this.

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Many of the world’s languages are vanishing (A8) … an alarming rate (A9) … political or economic reasons. It is estimated that half of all known languages may die by 2100. The disappearance of some elements of a language is a natural result of (A10) … passage of (A11) … time, but now that we all live in a global village, this process is speeding up. Sometimes local languages co­-exist with the dominant language, but they are eventually replaced as older speakers die. Although interest (A12) … language preservation is (A13) … the rise, many people have an equally strong intention of stamping out (A14) … minority languages. It is essential, therefore, for language communities, language professionals and governments to work together to try to stop them (A15) … doing this.

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Many of the world’s languages are vanishing (A8) … an alarming rate (A9) … political or economic reasons. It is estimated that half of all known languages may die by 2100. The disappearance of some elements of a language is a natural result of (A10) … passage of (A11) … time, but now that we all live in a global village, this process is speeding up. Sometimes local languages co-­exist with the dominant language, but they are eventually replaced as older speakers die. Although interest (A12) … language preservation is (A13) … the rise, many people have an equally strong intention of stamping out (A14) … minority languages. It is essential, therefore, for language communities, language professionals and governments to work together to try to stop them (A15) … doing this.

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Many of the world’s languages are vanishing (A8) … an alarming rate (A9) … political or economic reasons. It is estimated that half of all known languages may die by 2100. The disappearance of some elements of a language is a natural result of (A10) … passage of (A11) … time, but now that we all live in a global village, this process is speeding up. Sometimes local languages co-­exist with the dominant language, but they are eventually replaced as older speakers die. Although interest (A12) … language preservation is (A13) … the rise, many people have an equally strong intention of stamping out (A14) … minority languages. It is essential, therefore, for language communities, language professionals and governments to work together to try to stop them (A15) … doing this.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Many of the world’s languages are vanishing (A8) … an alarming rate (A9) … political or economic reasons. It is estimated that half of all known languages may die by 2100. The disappearance of some elements of a language is a natural result of (A10) … passage of (A11) … time, but now that we all live in a global village, this process is speeding up. Sometimes local languages co-­exist with the dominant language, but they are eventually replaced as older speakers die. Although interest (A12) … language preservation is (A13) … the rise, many people have an equally strong intention of stamping out (A14) … minority languages. It is essential, therefore, for language communities, language professionals and governments to work together to try to stop them (A15) … doing this.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Many of the world’s languages are vanishing (A8) … an alarming rate (A9) … political or economic reasons. It is estimated that half of all known languages may die by 2100. The disappearance of some elements of a language is a natural result of (A10) … passage of (A11) … time, but now that we all live in a global village, this process is speeding up. Sometimes local languages co-­exist with the dominant language, but they are eventually replaced as older speakers die. Although interest (A12) … language preservation is (A13) … the rise, many people have an equally strong intention of stamping out (A14) … minority languages. It is essential, therefore, for language communities, language professionals and governments to work together to try to stop them (A15) … doing this.

Прочитайте предложение. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

This film is … for me to follow.

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We have bought everything … the tickets.

Прочитайте предложение. Укажите номер подчеркнутого фрагмента, в котором допущена ошибка.

Both a term paper (1) and a final exam (2) is required (3) for this application (4).

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To remove stains (1) from permanent press clothing (2), soaking carefully in cold water (3) before washing with (4) the detergent.

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I would (1) sooner (2) than (3) go (4) now.

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About 70 percents (1) of accountants (2) in these companies (3) are women (4).

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Could you give me (1) one good reason (2) why should I (3) believe you (4)?

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The ‘Man in the Iron Mask’ lived three hundred years (A23) … in the Bastille, a prison in Paris. He was (A24) … to the prison in 1698, spent the rest of his life there and died at the age of 60 in 1703. The famous philosopher Voltaire was the first to write about this mysterious prisoner, who was never actually seen (A25) … when his face was hidden by an iron mask. In 1789, angry citizens forced their (A26) … into the Bastille. It was then that they came (A27) … an unusual iron mask. Anyone who had read Voltaire’s story would already have (A28) … about this mysterious prisoner. The question has often been (A29) … as to the man’s identity. Some say he was a French duke or perhaps an Italian diplomat. Voltaire himself (A30) … the idea that the prisoner was the older brother of King Louis XIV, son of Louis’ mother but not of his father, and that the king did not want the (A31) … to learn of this. Voltaire’s theory could explain the man’s (A32) … from other prisoners, the mask used to hide his face and why his guards treated him with such respect.

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The ‘Man in the Iron Mask’ lived three hundred years (A23) … in the Bastille, a prison in Paris. He was (A24) … to the prison in 1698, spent the rest of his life there and died at the age of 60 in 1703. The famous philosopher Voltaire was the first to write about this mysterious prisoner, who was never actually seen (A25) … when his face was hidden by an iron mask. In 1789, angry citizens forced their (A26) … into the Bastille. It was then that they came (A27) … an unusual iron mask. Anyone who had read Voltaire’s story would already have (A28) … about this mysterious prisoner. The question has often been (A29) … as to the man’s identity. Some say he was a French duke or perhaps an Italian diplomat. Voltaire himself (A30) … the idea that the prisoner was the older brother of King Louis XIV, son of Louis’ mother but not of his father, and that the king did not want the (A31) … to learn of this. Voltaire’s theory could explain the man’s (A32) … from other prisoners, the mask used to hide his face and why his guards treated him with such respect.

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The ‘Man in the Iron Mask’ lived three hundred years (A23) … in the Bastille, a prison in Paris. He was (A24) … to the prison in 1698, spent the rest of his life there and died at the age of 60 in 1703. The famous philosopher Voltaire was the first to write about this mysterious prisoner, who was never actually seen (A25) … when his face was hidden by an iron mask. In 1789, angry citizens forced their (A26) … into the Bastille. It was then that they came (A27) … an unusual iron mask. Anyone who had read Voltaire’s story would already have (A28) … about this mysterious prisoner. The question has often been (A29) … as to the man’s identity. Some say he was a French duke or perhaps an Italian diplomat. Voltaire himself (A30) … the idea that the prisoner was the older brother of King Louis XIV, son of Louis’ mother but not of his father, and that the king did not want the (A31) … to learn of this. Voltaire’s theory could explain the man’s (A32) … from other prisoners, the mask used to hide his face and why his guards treated him with such respect.

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The ‘Man in the Iron Mask’ lived three hundred years (A23) … in the Bastille, a prison in Paris. He was (A24) … to the prison in 1698, spent the rest of his life there and died at the age of 60 in 1703. The famous philosopher Voltaire was the first to write about this mysterious prisoner, who was never actually seen (A25) … when his face was hidden by an iron mask. In 1789, angry citizens forced their (A26) … into the Bastille. It was then that they came (A27) … an unusual iron mask. Anyone who had read Voltaire’s story would already have (A28) … about this mysterious prisoner. The question has often been (A29) … as to the man’s identity. Some say he was a French duke or perhaps an Italian diplomat. Voltaire himself (A30) … the idea that the prisoner was the older brother of King Louis XIV, son of Louis’ mother but not of his father, and that the king did not want the (A31) … to learn of this. Voltaire’s theory could explain the man’s (A32) … from other prisoners, the mask used to hide his face and why his guards treated him with such respect.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

The ‘Man in the Iron Mask’ lived three hundred years (A23) … in the Bastille, a prison in Paris. He was (A24) … to the prison in 1698, spent the rest of his life there and died at the age of 60 in 1703. The famous philosopher Voltaire was the first to write about this mysterious prisoner, who was never actually seen (A25) … when his face was hidden by an iron mask. In 1789, angry citizens forced their (A26) … into the Bastille. It was then that they came (A27) … an unusual iron mask. Anyone who had read Voltaire’s story would already have (A28) … about this mysterious prisoner. The question has often been (A29) … as to the man’s identity. Some say he was a French duke or perhaps an Italian diplomat. Voltaire himself (A30) … the idea that the prisoner was the older brother of King Louis XIV, son of Louis’ mother but not of his father, and that the king did not want the (A31) … to learn of this. Voltaire’s theory could explain the man’s (A32) … from other prisoners, the mask used to hide his face and why his guards treated him with such respect.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

The ‘Man in the Iron Mask’ lived three hundred years (A23) … in the Bastille, a prison in Paris. He was (A24) … to the prison in 1698, spent the rest of his life there and died at the age of 60 in 1703. The famous philosopher Voltaire was the first to write about this mysterious prisoner, who was never actually seen (A25) … when his face was hidden by an iron mask. In 1789, angry citizens forced their (A26) … into the Bastille. It was then that they came (A27) … an unusual iron mask. Anyone who had read Voltaire’s story would already have (A28) … about this mysterious prisoner. The question has often been (A29) … as to the man’s identity. Some say he was a French duke or perhaps an Italian diplomat. Voltaire himself (A30) … the idea that the prisoner was the older brother of King Louis XIV, son of Louis’ mother but not of his father, and that the king did not want the (A31) … to learn of this. Voltaire’s theory could explain the man’s (A32) … from other prisoners, the mask used to hide his face and why his guards treated him with such respect.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

The ‘Man in the Iron Mask’ lived three hundred years (A23) … in the Bastille, a prison in Paris. He was (A24) … to the prison in 1698, spent the rest of his life there and died at the age of 60 in 1703. The famous philosopher Voltaire was the first to write about this mysterious prisoner, who was never actually seen (A25) … when his face was hidden by an iron mask. In 1789, angry citizens forced their (A26) … into the Bastille. It was then that they came (A27) … an unusual iron mask. Anyone who had read Voltaire’s story would already have (A28) … about this mysterious prisoner. The question has often been (A29) … as to the man’s identity. Some say he was a French duke or perhaps an Italian diplomat. Voltaire himself (A30) … the idea that the prisoner was the older brother of King Louis XIV, son of Louis’ mother but not of his father, and that the king did not want the (A31) … to learn of this. Voltaire’s theory could explain the man’s (A32) … from other prisoners, the mask used to hide his face and why his guards treated him with such respect.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

The ‘Man in the Iron Mask’ lived three hundred years (A23) … in the Bastille, a prison in Paris. He was (A24) … to the prison in 1698, spent the rest of his life there and died at the age of 60 in 1703. The famous philosopher Voltaire was the first to write about this mysterious prisoner, who was never actually seen (A25) … when his face was hidden by an iron mask. In 1789, angry citizens forced their (A26) … into the Bastille. It was then that they came (A27) … an unusual iron mask. Anyone who had read Voltaire’s story would already have (A28) … about this mysterious prisoner. The question has often been (A29) … as to the man’s identity. Some say he was a French duke or perhaps an Italian diplomat. Voltaire himself (A30) … the idea that the prisoner was the older brother of King Louis XIV, son of Louis’ mother but not of his father, and that the king did not want the (A31) … to learn of this. Voltaire’s theory could explain the man’s (A32) … from other prisoners, the mask used to hide his face and why his guards treated him with such respect.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

The ‘Man in the Iron Mask’ lived three hundred years (A23) … in the Bastille, a prison in Paris. He was (A24) … to the prison in 1698, spent the rest of his life there and died at the age of 60 in 1703. The famous philosopher Voltaire was the first to write about this mysterious prisoner, who was never actually seen (A25) … when his face was hidden by an iron mask. In 1789, angry citizens forced their (A26) … into the Bastille. It was then that they came (A27) … an unusual iron mask. Anyone who had read Voltaire’s story would already have (A28) … about this mysterious prisoner. The question has often been (A29) … as to the man’s identity. Some say he was a French duke or perhaps an Italian diplomat. Voltaire himself (A30) … the idea that the prisoner was the older brother of King Louis XIV, son of Louis’ mother but not of his father, and that the king did not want the (A31) … to learn of this. Voltaire’s theory could explain the man’s (A32) … from other prisoners, the mask used to hide his face and why his guards treated him with such respect.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

The ‘Man in the Iron Mask’ lived three hundred years (A23) … in the Bastille, a prison in Paris. He was (A24) … to the prison in 1698, spent the rest of his life there and died at the age of 60 in 1703. The famous philosopher Voltaire was the first to write about this mysterious prisoner, who was never actually seen (A25) … when his face was hidden by an iron mask. In 1789, angry citizens forced their (A26) … into the Bastille. It was then that they came (A27) … an unusual iron mask. Anyone who had read Voltaire’s story would already have (A28) … about this mysterious prisoner. The question has often been (A29) … as to the man’s identity. Some say he was a French duke or perhaps an Italian diplomat. Voltaire himself (A30) … the idea that the prisoner was the older brother of King Louis XIV, son of Louis’ mother but not of his father, and that the king did not want the (A31) … to learn of this. Voltaire’s theory could explain the man’s (A32) … from other prisoners, the mask used to hide his face and why his guards treated him with such respect.

Прочитайте диалог. Ответьте на вопрос, следующий после диа­лога, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

Man: I remember putting the bags on the coach and sitting in the back seat.
Woman: But when we arrived in Philadelphia, we found the bags gone.
What does the woman mean?

Выберите реплику-стимул, подходящую по смыслу к предложенной ответной реплике.

You must be joking! He is absolutely hopeless!

Установите соответствие между репликами-стимулами 1—4 и ответными репликами A—E. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа. Одна ответная реплика (A—E) является лишней.

1. You haven’t kept your promise.
2. Have you enjoyed your trip?
3. Do you like my new dress?
4. I don’t like black coffee.

A. Agreed.
B. I wish I had.
C. It suits you perfectly.
D. Not really.
E. Nor does she.

Расположите реплики так, чтобы получился связный диалог. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

A. We weren’t sure about it at first.
B. It’s more expensive in the beginning, of course, as you need special equipment …
C. A friend actually told us about it. They had been using it for about six months …
D. They were delighted with it, weren’t they?
E. But after that it works out a lot cheaper.
F. Yes, they couldn’t believe how much their bills went down!

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопрос. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. “When I was a child, space was all I dreamt and talked about. My mum and dad thought it was just a phase, but as I grew up I became fascinated by science, which just reinforced my passion. I never doubted that one day I’d be an astronaut.” As an adult, Ansari Anousheh left her native Iran, settled in the USA and started a telecommunications company. The company was so successful that she was eventually able to sell it for $750 million. “The first thing that crossed my mind was that my life’s goal might now be within reach and I signed up to become the first female private space explorer at cost of around $20 million.”

§ 2. Of course, becoming a space tourist is not simply a matter of paying and picking up your ticket at the check-­in desk; there is a rigorous six­-month training programme, which for Anousheh did not present too many difficulties. Ansari blasted off on September 18th along with a NASA astronaut and a Russian cosmonaut. It doesn’t take long to achieve orbit, around 17 minutes, and that’s when she got her first sight of the Earth: “Looking at it from up there, you can’t see any borders or any differences between races. All you see is one planet; one place that all of us have to take care of if we want to be able to live on it for a long time.”

§ 3. Life on a space station is not just about enjoying the view, however. Each member of a space crew, tourist or not, is expected to carry out vital experiments on board. For Anousheh, this meant working on lower back pain in astronauts and cosmonauts and studying tiny life forms that can carry diseases on board the station. Many people might have objected to this ‘working holiday’, but Anousheh loved it. “I enjoyed being able to offer something to the life of the station,” she says.

§ 4. Anousheh continually gets asked about the challenges she faced on board. To wash her hair, for example, she had to make a huge ‘water bubble’ and put it over her head. At the slightest sudden movement, little bits of water would escape and float away. In fact, there were many amusing situations caused by the lack of gravity. “The guys liked to tease me. They’d ask me to pass the bread and when I handed it to them, rather than floating it, they’d say I’d taken all the fun out of it. After a while I got accustomed to all this, though, and I felt so at home that in the end it was hard to go back to normality.”

§ 5. Anousheh is proud of her status as the first female space tourist and intends to use her fame to raise awareness about space projects and to inspire women all over the world. The title ‘space tourist’ is, however, not the one she particularly appreciates. She explains: “I think if it is to be compared to an experiment or an experience on Earth, it is probably closer to an expedition to Antarctica or climbing Mount Everest than to just another touristy trip somewhere.”

§ 6. The journey back to Earth was physically and emotionally exhausting for Anousheh. “The G­-force while re­entering the Earth’s atmosphere was equivalent to four times my weight,” she says. “But going into space was the most freeing experience I’ve ever had. I’d do it again in a heartbeat. If I could take my husband with me, I’d be tempted to never come back!”

What do we learn about Anousheh as she was growing up?

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопрос. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. “When I was a child, space was all I dreamt and talked about. My mum and dad thought it was just a phase, but as I grew up I became fascinated by science, which just reinforced my passion. I never doubted that one day I’d be an astronaut.” As an adult, Ansari Anousheh left her native Iran, settled in the USA and started a telecommunications company. The company was so successful that she was eventually able to sell it for $750 million. “The first thing that crossed my mind was that my life’s goal might now be within reach and I signed up to become the first female private space explorer at cost of around $20 million.”

§ 2. Of course, becoming a space tourist is not simply a matter of paying and picking up your ticket at the check-­in desk; there is a rigorous six­-month training programme, which for Anousheh did not present too many difficulties. Ansari blasted off on September 18th along with a NASA astronaut and a Russian cosmonaut. It doesn’t take long to achieve orbit, around 17 minutes, and that’s when she got her first sight of the Earth: “Looking at it from up there, you can’t see any borders or any differences between races. All you see is one planet; one place that all of us have to take care of if we want to be able to live on it for a long time.”

§ 3. Life on a space station is not just about enjoying the view, however. Each member of a space crew, tourist or not, is expected to carry out vital experiments on board. For Anousheh, this meant working on lower back pain in astronauts and cosmonauts and studying tiny life forms that can carry diseases on board the station. Many people might have objected to this ‘working holiday’, but Anousheh loved it. “I enjoyed being able to offer something to the life of the station,” she says.

§ 4. Anousheh continually gets asked about the challenges she faced on board. To wash her hair, for example, she had to make a huge ‘water bubble’ and put it over her head. At the slightest sudden movement, little bits of water would escape and float away. In fact, there were many amusing situations caused by the lack of gravity. “The guys liked to tease me. They’d ask me to pass the bread and when I handed it to them, rather than floating it, they’d say I’d taken all the fun out of it. After a while I got accustomed to all this, though, and I felt so at home that in the end it was hard to go back to normality.”

§ 5. Anousheh is proud of her status as the first female space tourist and intends to use her fame to raise awareness about space projects and to inspire women all over the world. The title ‘space tourist’ is, however, not the one she particularly appreciates. She explains: “I think if it is to be compared to an experiment or an experience on Earth, it is probably closer to an expedition to Antarctica or climbing Mount Everest than to just another touristy trip somewhere.”

§ 6. The journey back to Earth was physically and emotionally exhausting for Anousheh. “The G-­force while re­entering the Earth’s atmosphere was equivalent to four times my weight,” she says. “But going into space was the most freeing experience I’ve ever had. I’d do it again in a heartbeat. If I could take my husband with me, I’d be tempted to never come back!”

How was Anousheh eventually able to become the first female space tourist?

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопрос. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. “When I was a child, space was all I dreamt and talked about. My mum and dad thought it was just a phase, but as I grew up I became fascinated by science, which just reinforced my passion. I never doubted that one day I’d be an astronaut.” As an adult, Ansari Anousheh left her native Iran, settled in the USA and started a telecommunications company. The company was so successful that she was eventually able to sell it for $750 million. “The first thing that crossed my mind was that my life’s goal might now be within reach and I signed up to become the first female private space explorer at cost of around $20 million.”

§ 2. Of course, becoming a space tourist is not simply a matter of paying and picking up your ticket at the check-­in desk; there is a rigorous six­-month training programme, which for Anousheh did not present too many difficulties. Ansari blasted off on September 18th along with a NASA astronaut and a Russian cosmonaut. It doesn’t take long to achieve orbit, around 17 minutes, and that’s when she got her first sight of the Earth: “Looking at it from up there, you can’t see any borders or any differences between races. All you see is one planet; one place that all of us have to take care of if we want to be able to live on it for a long time.”

§ 3. Life on a space station is not just about enjoying the view, however. Each member of a space crew, tourist or not, is expected to carry out vital experiments on board. For Anousheh, this meant working on lower back pain in astronauts and cosmonauts and studying tiny life forms that can carry diseases on board the station. Many people might have objected to this ‘working holiday’, but Anousheh loved it. “I enjoyed being able to offer something to the life of the station,” she says.

§ 4. Anousheh continually gets asked about the challenges she faced on board. To wash her hair, for example, she had to make a huge ‘water bubble’ and put it over her head. At the slightest sudden movement, little bits of water would escape and float away. In fact, there were many amusing situations caused by the lack of gravity. “The guys liked to tease me. They’d ask me to pass the bread and when I handed it to them, rather than floating it, they’d say I’d taken all the fun out of it. After a while I got accustomed to all this, though, and I felt so at home that in the end it was hard to go back to normality.”

§ 5. Anousheh is proud of her status as the first female space tourist and intends to use her fame to raise awareness about space projects and to inspire women all over the world. The title ‘space tourist’ is, however, not the one she particularly appreciates. She explains: “I think if it is to be compared to an experiment or an experience on Earth, it is probably closer to an expedition to Antarctica or climbing Mount Everest than to just another touristy trip somewhere.”

§ 6. The journey back to Earth was physically and emotionally exhausting for Anousheh. “The G-­force while re­entering the Earth’s atmosphere was equivalent to four times my weight,” she says. “But going into space was the most freeing experience I’ve ever had. I’d do it again in a heartbeat. If I could take my husband with me, I’d be tempted to never come back!”

In paragraph three, we learn that space crew members

Прочитайте текст. Ответьте на вопрос. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. “When I was a child, space was all I dreamt and talked about. My mum and dad thought it was just a phase, but as I grew up I became fascinated by science, which just reinforced my passion. I never doubted that one day I’d be an astronaut.” As an adult, Ansari Anousheh left her native Iran, settled in the USA and started a telecommunications company. The company was so successful that she was eventually able to sell it for $750 million. “The first thing that crossed my mind was that my life’s goal might now be within reach and I signed up to become the first female private space explorer at cost of around $20 million.”

§ 2. Of course, becoming a space tourist is not simply a matter of paying and picking up your ticket at the check-­in desk; there is a rigorous six­-month training programme, which for Anousheh did not present too many difficulties. Ansari blasted off on September 18th along with a NASA astronaut and a Russian cosmonaut. It doesn’t take long to achieve orbit, around 17 minutes, and that’s when she got her first sight of the Earth: “Looking at it from up there, you can’t see any borders or any differences between races. All you see is one planet; one place that all of us have to take care of if we want to be able to live on it for a long time.”

§ 3. Life on a space station is not just about enjoying the view, however. Each member of a space crew, tourist or not, is expected to carry out vital experiments on board. For Anousheh, this meant working on lower back pain in astronauts and cosmonauts and studying tiny life forms that can carry diseases on board the station. Many people might have objected to this ‘working holiday’, but Anousheh loved it. “I enjoyed being able to offer something to the life of the station,” she says.

§ 4. Anousheh continually gets asked about the challenges she faced on board. To wash her hair, for example, she had to make a huge ‘water bubble’ and put it over her head. At the slightest sudden movement, little bits of water would escape and float away. In fact, there were many amusing situations caused by the lack of gravity. “The guys liked to tease me. They’d ask me to pass the bread and when I handed it to them, rather than floating it, they’d say I’d taken all the fun out of it. After a while I got accustomed to all this, though, and I felt so at home that in the end it was hard to go back to normality.”

§ 5. Anousheh is proud of her status as the first female space tourist and intends to use her fame to raise awareness about space projects and to inspire women all over the world. The title ‘space tourist’ is, however, not the one she particularly appreciates. She explains: “I think if it is to be compared to an experiment or an experience on Earth, it is probably closer to an expedition to Antarctica or climbing Mount Everest than to just another touristy trip somewhere.”

§ 6. The journey back to Earth was physically and emotionally exhausting for Anousheh. “The G-­force while re­entering the Earth’s atmosphere was equivalent to four times my weight,” she says. “But going into space was the most freeing experience I’ve ever had. I’d do it again in a heartbeat. If I could take my husband with me, I’d be tempted to never come back!”

In paragraph five, we learn that Ansari believes her experience as a space tourist

Прочитайте текст. Определите значение слова rigorous (§ 2) в тексте. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. “When I was a child, space was all I dreamt and talked about. My mum and dad thought it was just a phase, but as I grew up I became fascinated by science, which just reinforced my passion. I never doubted that one day I’d be an astronaut.” As an adult, Ansari Anousheh left her native Iran, settled in the USA and started a telecommunications company. The company was so successful that she was eventually able to sell it for $750 million. “The first thing that crossed my mind was that my life’s goal might now be within reach and I signed up to become the first female private space explorer at cost of around $20 million.”

§ 2. Of course, becoming a space tourist is not simply a matter of paying and picking up your ticket at the check-­in desk; there is a rigorous six­-month training programme, which for Anousheh did not present too many difficulties. Ansari blasted off on September 18th along with a NASA astronaut and a Russian cosmonaut. It doesn’t take long to achieve orbit, around 17 minutes, and that’s when she got her first sight of the Earth: “Looking at it from up there, you can’t see any borders or any differences between races. All you see is one planet; one place that all of us have to take care of if we want to be able to live on it for a long time.”

§ 3. Life on a space station is not just about enjoying the view, however. Each member of a space crew, tourist or not, is expected to carry out vital experiments on board. For Anousheh, this meant working on lower back pain in astronauts and cosmonauts and studying tiny life forms that can carry diseases on board the station. Many people might have objected to this ‘working holiday’, but Anousheh loved it. “I enjoyed being able to offer something to the life of the station,” she says.

§ 4. Anousheh continually gets asked about the challenges she faced on board. To wash her hair, for example, she had to make a huge ‘water bubble’ and put it over her head. At the slightest sudden movement, little bits of water would escape and float away. In fact, there were many amusing situations caused by the lack of gravity. “The guys liked to tease me. They’d ask me to pass the bread and when I handed it to them, rather than floating it, they’d say I’d taken all the fun out of it. After a while I got accustomed to all this, though, and I felt so at home that in the end it was hard to go back to normality.”

§ 5. Anousheh is proud of her status as the first female space tourist and intends to use her fame to raise awareness about space projects and to inspire women all over the world. The title ‘space tourist’ is, however, not the one she particularly appreciates. She explains: “I think if it is to be compared to an experiment or an experience on Earth, it is probably closer to an expedition to Antarctica or climbing Mount Everest than to just another touristy trip somewhere.”

§ 6. The journey back to Earth was physically and emotionally exhausting for Anousheh. “The G-­force while re­entering the Earth’s atmosphere was equivalent to four times my weight,” she says. “But going into space was the most freeing experience I’ve ever had. I’d do it again in a heartbeat. If I could take my husband with me, I’d be tempted to never come back!”

Прочитайте текст. Определите значение слов in a heartbeat (§ 6) в тексте. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

§ 1. “When I was a child, space was all I dreamt and talked about. My mum and dad thought it was just a phase, but as I grew up I became fascinated by science, which just reinforced my passion. I never doubted that one day I’d be an astronaut.” As an adult, Ansari Anousheh left her native Iran, settled in the USA and started a telecommunications company. The company was so successful that she was eventually able to sell it for $750 million. “The first thing that crossed my mind was that my life’s goal might now be within reach and I signed up to become the first female private space explorer at cost of around $20 million.”

§ 2. Of course, becoming a space tourist is not simply a matter of paying and picking up your ticket at the check-­in desk; there is a rigorous six-­month training programme, which for Anousheh did not present too many difficulties. Ansari blasted off on September 18th along with a NASA astronaut and a Russian cosmonaut. It doesn’t take long to achieve orbit, around 17 minutes, and that’s when she got her first sight of the Earth: “Looking at it from up there, you can’t see any borders or any differences between races. All you see is one planet; one place that all of us have to take care of if we want to be able to live on it for a long time.”

§ 3. Life on a space station is not just about enjoying the view, however. Each member of a space crew, tourist or not, is expected to carry out vital experiments on board. For Anousheh, this meant working on lower back pain in astronauts and cosmonauts and studying tiny life forms that can carry diseases on board the station. Many people might have objected to this ‘working holiday’, but Anousheh loved it. “I enjoyed being able to offer something to the life of the station,” she says.

§ 4. Anousheh continually gets asked about the challenges she faced on board. To wash her hair, for example, she had to make a huge ‘water bubble’ and put it over her head. At the slightest sudden movement, little bits of water would escape and float away. In fact, there were many amusing situations caused by the lack of gravity. “The guys liked to tease me. They’d ask me to pass the bread and when I handed it to them, rather than floating it, they’d say I’d taken all the fun out of it. After a while I got accustomed to all this, though, and I felt so at home that in the end it was hard to go back to normality.”

§ 5. Anousheh is proud of her status as the first female space tourist and intends to use her fame to raise awareness about space projects and to inspire women all over the world. The title ‘space tourist’ is, however, not the one she particularly appreciates. She explains: “I think if it is to be compared to an experiment or an experience on Earth, it is probably closer to an expedition to Antarctica or climbing Mount Everest than to just another touristy trip somewhere.”

§ 6. The journey back to Earth was physically and emotionally exhausting for Anousheh. “The G-­force while re­entering the Earth’s atmosphere was equivalent to four times my weight,” she says. “But going into space was the most freeing experience I’ve ever had. I’d do it again in a heartbeat. If I could take my husband with me, I’d be tempted to never come back!”

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A43 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним.

Al Gore has been concerned with climate change, or ‘climate crisis’ as he calls it, for the majority of his political career. As the years passed and he became more passionate about this issue, he started travelling the world in order to educate people about the effects of global warming using computer slideshows. Free of charge, he explained to his audiences that the world is facing a ‘planetary emergency’ and that it isn’t too late to stop it if appropriate action is taken now.

It was during this time of touring and giving lectures that Gore was spotted by Hollywood producer Laurie David, who asked him to turn his slideshow into a documentary in which he would play the starring role. (A43) ____ Eventually, though, David managed to persuade him. The result was a fascinating documentary combining references to Gore’s own life story with horrifying predictions about the future of our planet.

Gore couldn’t even imagine that just one year later he would be walking along the red carpet at the Cannes Film Festival and later collecting an Oscar for ‘Best Documentary’. (A44) ____ Advertised as ‘the scariest movie you’ll ever see,’ it concentrates on the potentially terrifying consequences of climate change. ‘An Inconvenient Truth’ certainly gives us much to consider. Why was 2005 the hottest year ever recorded? Could whole cities such as San Francisco one day be submerged in water due to rising sea levels? (A45) ____ As the title of the film suggests, however, it may be inconvenient for us to start thinking about the future of the planet, but we must do it.

Published in parallel with the release of the film, Gore’s book of the same title contains additional information and scientific analysis to further support his claims. The profits from both the film and the book are now funding other campaigns to spread the message about global warming. Gore is delighted that some schools are even using the DVD to help them teach awareness of environmental issues to their students.

As pessimistic as the film may seem, it ends on a positive note. (A46) ____ If Gore was going to present a problem, he wanted to offer a potential solution, too. His main hope is that people will accept the reality of the crisis and then will turn that knowledge into action.

Gore leads by example. (A47) ____ He realises, however, that most people need a little more help when it comes to changing their habits. For this reason, he has also been working hard to encourage large shops to sell more environmentally friendly products.

So, can this one man’s efforts really make a difference? (A48) ____ It may not seem as if the decisions of individuals can achieve very much, but put them all together and they may add up to something that will, literally, change the world.

1) The movie owes its success to its ability to hold our attention.

2) At first, Gore was reluctant, as he has always been a very private person, despite the fact he was used to being in the public eye.

3) Whilst both the film and the book have largely been well received by critics, they have been criticised by some as being ‘exaggerated’ and ‘over-­the-­top’.

4) The aim of the film certainly seems to be to ‘shock’ people into action, which may or may not be the best way to tackle the issue of global warming.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A44 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним.

Al Gore has been concerned with climate change, or ‘climate crisis’ as he calls it, for the majority of his political career. As the years passed and he became more passionate about this issue, he started travelling the world in order to educate people about the effects of global warming using computer slideshows. Free of charge, he explained to his audiences that the world is facing a ‘planetary emergency’ and that it isn’t too late to stop it if appropriate action is taken now.

It was during this time of touring and giving lectures that Gore was spotted by Hollywood producer Laurie David, who asked him to turn his slideshow into a documentary in which he would play the starring role. (A43) ____ Eventually, though, David managed to persuade him. The result was a fascinating documentary combining references to Gore’s own life story with horrifying predictions about the future of our planet.

Gore couldn’t even imagine that just one year later he would be walking along the red carpet at the Cannes Film Festival and later collecting an Oscar for ‘Best Documentary’. (A44) ____ Advertised as ‘the scariest movie you’ll ever see,’ it concentrates on the potentially terrifying consequences of climate change. ‘An Inconvenient Truth’ certainly gives us much to consider. Why was 2005 the hottest year ever recorded? Could whole cities such as San Francisco one day be submerged in water due to rising sea levels? (A45) ____ As the title of the film suggests, however, it may be inconvenient for us to start thinking about the future of the planet, but we must do it.

Published in parallel with the release of the film, Gore’s book of the same title contains additional information and scientific analysis to further support his claims. The profits from both the film and the book are now funding other campaigns to spread the message about global warming. Gore is delighted that some schools are even using the DVD to help them teach awareness of environmental issues to their students.

As pessimistic as the film may seem, it ends on a positive note. (A46) ____ If Gore was going to present a problem, he wanted to offer a potential solution, too. His main hope is that people will accept the reality of the crisis and then will turn that knowledge into action.

Gore leads by example. (A47) ____ He realises, however, that most people need a little more help when it comes to changing their habits. For this reason, he has also been working hard to encourage large shops to sell more environmentally friendly products.

So, can this one man’s efforts really make a difference? (A48) ____ It may not seem as if the decisions of individuals can achieve very much, but put them all together and they may add up to something that will, literally, change the world.

1) The movie owes its success to its ability to hold our attention.

2) At first, Gore was reluctant, as he has always been a very private person, despite the fact he was used to being in the public eye.

3) Whilst both the film and the book have largely been well received by critics, they have been criticised by some as being ‘exaggerated’ and ‘over-­the-­top’.

4) The aim of the film certainly seems to be to ‘shock’ people into action, which may or may not be the best way to tackle the issue of global warming.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A45 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним. 

Al Gore has been concerned with climate change, or ‘climate crisis’ as he calls it, for the majority of his political career. As the years passed and he became more passionate about this issue, he started travelling the world in order to educate people about the effects of global warming using computer slideshows. Free of charge, he explained to his audiences that the world is facing a ‘planetary emergency’ and that it isn’t too late to stop it if appropriate action is taken now.

It was during this time of touring and giving lectures that Gore was spotted by Hollywood producer Laurie David, who asked him to turn his slideshow into a documentary in which he would play the starring role. (A43) ____ Eventually, though, David managed to persuade him. The result was a fascinating documentary combining references to Gore’s own life story with horrifying predictions about the future of our planet.

Gore couldn’t even imagine that just one year later he would be walking along the red carpet at the Cannes Film Festival and later collecting an Oscar for ‘Best Documentary’. (A44) ____ Advertised as ‘the scariest movie you’ll ever see,’ it concentrates on the potentially terrifying consequences of climate change. ‘An Inconvenient Truth’ certainly gives us much to consider. Why was 2005 the hottest year ever recorded? Could whole cities such as San Francisco one day be submerged in water due to rising sea levels? (A45) ____ As the title of the film suggests, however, it may be inconvenient for us to start thinking about the future of the planet, but we must do it.

Published in parallel with the release of the film, Gore’s book of the same title contains additional information and scientific analysis to further support his claims. The profits from both the film and the book are now funding other campaigns to spread the message about global warming. Gore is delighted that some schools are even using the DVD to help them teach awareness of environmental issues to their students.

As pessimistic as the film may seem, it ends on a positive note. (A46) ____ If Gore was going to present a problem, he wanted to offer a potential solution, too. His main hope is that people will accept the reality of the crisis and then will turn that knowledge into action.

Gore leads by example. (A47) ____ He realises, however, that most people need a little more help when it comes to changing their habits. For this reason, he has also been working hard to encourage large shops to sell more environmentally friendly products.

So, can this one man’s efforts really make a difference? (A48) ____ It may not seem as if the decisions of individuals can achieve very much, but put them all together and they may add up to something that will, literally, change the world.

1) The movie owes its success to its ability to hold our attention.

2) At first, Gore was reluctant, as he has always been a very private person, despite the fact he was used to being in the public eye.

3) Whilst both the film and the book have largely been well received by critics, they have been criticised by some as being ‘exaggerated’ and ‘over-­the-­top’.

4) The aim of the film certainly seems to be to ‘shock’ people into action, which may or may not be the best way to tackle the issue of global warming.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A46 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним. 

Al Gore has been concerned with climate change, or ‘climate crisis’ as he calls it, for the majority of his political career. As the years passed and he became more passionate about this issue, he started travelling the world in order to educate people about the effects of global warming using computer slideshows. Free of charge, he explained to his audiences that the world is facing a ‘planetary emergency’ and that it isn’t too late to stop it if appropriate action is taken now.

It was during this time of touring and giving lectures that Gore was spotted by Hollywood producer Laurie David, who asked him to turn his slideshow into a documentary in which he would play the starring role. (A43) ____ Eventually, though, David managed to persuade him. The result was a fascinating documentary combining references to Gore’s own life story with horrifying predictions about the future of our planet.

Gore couldn’t even imagine that just one year later he would be walking along the red carpet at the Cannes Film Festival and later collecting an Oscar for ‘Best Documentary’. (A44) ____ Advertised as ‘the scariest movie you’ll ever see,’ it concentrates on the potentially terrifying consequences of climate change. ‘An Inconvenient Truth’ certainly gives us much to consider. Why was 2005 the hottest year ever recorded? Could whole cities such as San Francisco one day be submerged in water due to rising sea levels? (A45) ____ As the title of the film suggests, however, it may be inconvenient for us to start thinking about the future of the planet, but we must do it.

Published in parallel with the release of the film, Gore’s book of the same title contains additional information and scientific analysis to further support his claims. The profits from both the film and the book are now funding other campaigns to spread the message about global warming. Gore is delighted that some schools are even using the DVD to help them teach awareness of environmental issues to their students.

As pessimistic as the film may seem, it ends on a positive note. (A46) ____ If Gore was going to present a problem, he wanted to offer a potential solution, too. His main hope is that people will accept the reality of the crisis and then will turn that knowledge into action.

Gore leads by example. (A47) ____ He realises, however, that most people need a little more help when it comes to changing their habits. For this reason, he has also been working hard to encourage large shops to sell more environmentally friendly products.

So, can this one man’s efforts really make a difference? (A48) ____ It may not seem as if the decisions of individuals can achieve very much, but put them all together and they may add up to something that will, literally, change the world.

1) The US Environmental Protection Agency says children are the most sensitive to the dangerous pollutants in diesel exhaust.

2) He insists on using biodiesel vehicles and has decided to become carbon neutral, which means that he will reduce the amount of carbon dioxide he produces every day.

3) As Gore himself says, “It’s not too late to solve this crisis, and solving it means avoiding the worst of the consequences and reversing this trend towards catastrophe.”

4) Well, according to Gore, if we are clear about what the problem is, then we are more likely to introduce changes into our daily lives, such as choosing the ‘greenest’ light bulbs or cars.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A47 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним. 

Al Gore has been concerned with climate change, or ‘climate crisis’ as he calls it, for the majority of his political career. As the years passed and he became more passionate about this issue, he started travelling the world in order to educate people about the effects of global warming using computer slideshows. Free of charge, he explained to his audiences that the world is facing a ‘planetary emergency’ and that it isn’t too late to stop it if appropriate action is taken now.

It was during this time of touring and giving lectures that Gore was spotted by Hollywood producer Laurie David, who asked him to turn his slideshow into a documentary in which he would play the starring role. (A43) ____ Eventually, though, David managed to persuade him. The result was a fascinating documentary combining references to Gore’s own life story with horrifying predictions about the future of our planet.

Gore couldn’t even imagine that just one year later he would be walking along the red carpet at the Cannes Film Festival and later collecting an Oscar for ‘Best Documentary’. (A44) ____ Advertised as ‘the scariest movie you’ll ever see,’ it concentrates on the potentially terrifying consequences of climate change. ‘An Inconvenient Truth’ certainly gives us much to consider. Why was 2005 the hottest year ever recorded? Could whole cities such as San Francisco one day be submerged in water due to rising sea levels? (A45) ____ As the title of the film suggests, however, it may be inconvenient for us to start thinking about the future of the planet, but we must do it.

Published in parallel with the release of the film, Gore’s book of the same title contains additional information and scientific analysis to further support his claims. The profits from both the film and the book are now funding other campaigns to spread the message about global warming. Gore is delighted that some schools are even using the DVD to help them teach awareness of environmental issues to their students.

As pessimistic as the film may seem, it ends on a positive note. (A46) ____ If Gore was going to present a problem, he wanted to offer a potential solution, too. His main hope is that people will accept the reality of the crisis and then will turn that knowledge into action.

Gore leads by example. (A47) ____ He realises, however, that most people need a little more help when it comes to changing their habits. For this reason, he has also been working hard to encourage large shops to sell more environmentally friendly products.

So, can this one man’s efforts really make a difference? (A48) ____ It may not seem as if the decisions of individuals can achieve very much, but put them all together and they may add up to something that will, literally, change the world.

1) The US Environmental Protection Agency says children are the most sensitive to the dangerous pollutants in diesel exhaust.

2) He insists on using biodiesel vehicles and has decided to become carbon neutral, which means that he will reduce the amount of carbon dioxide he produces every day.

3) As Gore himself says, “It’s not too late to solve this crisis, and solving it means avoiding the worst of the consequences and reversing this trend towards catastrophe.”

4) Well, according to Gore, if we are clear about what the problem is, then we are more likely to introduce changes into our daily lives, such as choosing the ‘greenest’ light bulbs or cars.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуск A48 одним из предложенных текстовых фрагментов (1—4). Один фрагмент является лишним. 

Al Gore has been concerned with climate change, or ‘climate crisis’ as he calls it, for the majority of his political career. As the years passed and he became more passionate about this issue, he started travelling the world in order to educate people about the effects of global warming using computer slideshows. Free of charge, he explained to his audiences that the world is facing a ‘planetary emergency’ and that it isn’t too late to stop it if appropriate action is taken now.

It was during this time of touring and giving lectures that Gore was spotted by Hollywood producer Laurie David, who asked him to turn his slideshow into a documentary in which he would play the starring role. (A43) ____ Eventually, though, David managed to persuade him. The result was a fascinating documentary combining references to Gore’s own life story with horrifying predictions about the future of our planet.

Gore couldn’t even imagine that just one year later he would be walking along the red carpet at the Cannes Film Festival and later collecting an Oscar for ‘Best Documentary’. (A44) ____ Advertised as ‘the scariest movie you’ll ever see,’ it concentrates on the potentially terrifying consequences of climate change. ‘An Inconvenient Truth’ certainly gives us much to consider. Why was 2005 the hottest year ever recorded? Could whole cities such as San Francisco one day be submerged in water due to rising sea levels? (A45) ____ As the title of the film suggests, however, it may be inconvenient for us to start thinking about the future of the planet, but we must do it.

Published in parallel with the release of the film, Gore’s book of the same title contains additional information and scientific analysis to further support his claims. The profits from both the film and the book are now funding other campaigns to spread the message about global warming. Gore is delighted that some schools are even using the DVD to help them teach awareness of environmental issues to their students.

As pessimistic as the film may seem, it ends on a positive note. (A46) ____ If Gore was going to present a problem, he wanted to offer a potential solution, too. His main hope is that people will accept the reality of the crisis and then will turn that knowledge into action.

Gore leads by example. (A47) ____ He realises, however, that most people need a little more help when it comes to changing their habits. For this reason, he has also been working hard to encourage large shops to sell more environmentally friendly products.

So, can this one man’s efforts really make a difference? (A48) ____ It may not seem as if the decisions of individuals can achieve very much, but put them all together and they may add up to something that will, literally, change the world.

1) The US Environmental Protection Agency says children are the most sensitive to the dangerous pollutants in diesel exhaust.

2) He insists on using biodiesel vehicles and has decided to become carbon neutral, which means that he will reduce the amount of carbon dioxide he produces every day.

3) As Gore himself says, “It’s not too late to solve this crisis, and solving it means avoiding the worst of the consequences and reversing this trend towards catastrophe.”

4) Well, according to Gore, if we are clear about what the problem is, then we are more likely to introduce changes into our daily lives, such as choosing the ‘greenest’ light bulbs or cars.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее слово из предложенных и запишите его в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить.

REVOLVE, OBSERVE, FIVE, NOTICE

Jupiter is the (B1) … planet from the Sun. It takes almost twelve years to complete a whole (B2) … of the Sun. When viewed through telescopes from the Earth’s (B3) …, the ‘great red spot’ is Jupiter’s most (B4) … feature.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее слово из предложенных и запишите его в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить.

REVOLVE, OBSERVE, FIVE, NOTICE

Jupiter is the (B1) … planet from the Sun. It takes almost twelve years to complete a whole (B2) … of the Sun. When viewed through telescopes from the Earth’s (B3) …, the ‘great red spot’ is Jupiter’s most (B4) … feature.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее слово из предложенных и запишите его в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить.

REVOLVE, OBSERVE, FIVE, NOTICE

Jupiter is the (B1) … planet from the Sun. It takes almost twelve years to complete a whole (B2) … of the Sun. When viewed through telescopes from the Earth’s (B3) …, the ‘great red spot’ is Jupiter’s most (B4) … feature.

Прочитайте текст. Выберите подходящее слово из предложенных и запишите его в той форме, в которой оно должно стоять в предложении. Помните, что каждое слово может быть использовано только один раз и что заданную форму слова необходимо изменить.

REVOLVE, OBSERVE, FIVE, NOTICE

Jupiter is the (B1) … planet from the Sun. It takes almost twelve years to complete a whole (B2) … of the Sun. When viewed through telescopes from the Earth’s (B3) …, the ‘great red spot’ is Jupiter’s most (B4) … feature.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните каждый из пропусков только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.

We (B5) … love to eat between meals, (B6) … it’s a bar of chocolate after breakfast or a packet of crisps before dinner. But when we think about it, it turns out that most of these ‘snack’ foods are (B7) … of fat, salt and sugar and thus contain a (B8) … of calories.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните каждый из пропусков только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.

We (B5) … love to eat between meals, (B6) … it’s a bar of chocolate after breakfast or a packet of crisps before dinner. But when we think about it, it turns out that most of these ‘snack’ foods are (B7) … of fat, salt and sugar and thus contain a (B8) … of calories.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните каждый из пропусков только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.

We (B5) … love to eat between meals, (B6) … it’s a bar of chocolate after breakfast or a packet of crisps before dinner. But when we think about it, it turns out that most of these ‘snack’ foods are (B7) … of fat, salt and sugar and thus contain a (B8) … of calories.

Прочитайте текст. Заполните каждый из пропусков только одним словом, подходящим по смыслу. Слово должно содержать не более 15 символов.

We (B5) … love to eat between meals, (B6) … it’s a bar of chocolate after breakfast or a packet of crisps before dinner. But when we think about it, it turns out that most of these ‘snack’ foods are (B7) … of fat, salt and sugar and thus contain a (B8) … of calories.

Прочитайте текст. Найдите два лишних слова в тексте.

Last year I visited the Loire Valley and I had the best two weeks of my life. I had got such good fun I cried when it was time to leave. When I arrived in Calais the sun was shining and I was glad I had decided to go for camping.

Прочитайте текст. Найдите два лишних слова в тексте. 

There are a lots of campsites in the Loire, and I found a small one near a beautiful castle. King Louis XIV had the castle built in order that to impress the princess he wanted to marry, but she rejected him for an English Duke.

Переведите на английский язык фрагмент предложения, данный в скобках.

She created the whole thing (сама).

Переведите на английский язык фрагмент предложения, данный в скобках.

I am shorter than you, (не так ли)?